Choice_ The World in Which We Live (Exam 3 Notes - 3)

Choice_ The World in Which We Live (Exam 3 Notes - 3) -...

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Background We make choices everyday Some of the choices that we make are not in our long-term interests Choice (Why this matters to you) Everyday we are asked to make choices. We select one pair of pants over another, we select one item for breakfast over another. . Concurrent Schedules Probably the most relevant schedule arrangement to the "real world" (natural environment) Two or more schedules going on at the same time Reinforcement schedules describe "why" we allocate our behavior among concurrently available alternatives One schedule is in place for one R (e.g., pecks to the left) A different schedule is place for another R (e.g., pecks to the right) Two or more schedules operate independently There are no distinctive stimuli associated with each schedule Pecks to the left key produce reinforcers according to a VI 60 s schedule Pecks to the right key produce reinforcers according to a VI 20 s schedule Organism can respond on either key, whenever they like (they can switch between keys) Two schedules operate independently, but at the same time. Organism can R to the left or the right. One schedule might pay off more than the other, or not. (BLUE VI 60) (BLUE VI 60) --> BOTH have same amount of R Can take more home if you respond on both…3 on right blue and one on left blue Two schedules operate independently, but at the same time. Organism can R to the left or the right. One schedule might pay off more than the other, or not. (BLUE VI 60) (3 times as much on BLUE VI 20s than on left) How this works: Definitions Choice : the distribution of responses among alternative sources of reinforcement (e.g, which shirt you select is a choice and other shirts are the alternatives) See most frequently played tracks in your iTunes Library. Preference : selection of one alternative more frequently than another alternative Concurrent Schedules and Choice Recall your definition of a concurrent schedule In particular, remember the clocks (when concurrent interval schedules) run simultaneously To the extent that two or more repsonses are made…
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Choice_ The World in Which We Live (Exam 3 Notes - 3) -...

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