Elicited and Emitted Behavior (Exam 1 Notes - 2)

Elicited and Emitted Behavior (Exam 1 Notes - 2) -...

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Reflexes A reliable relation between a stimulus and a change in behavior Examples: startle response, eye blink, knee jerk, salivation (in response to food) We cannot speak of a reflex if we only observe the stimulus (thrusting your finger toward another's eye) A reflex is the relationship between these two events Why? A lot of these events (responses) without a stimulus We cannot speak of a reflex if we only observe a response (e.g., eye blink) without an immediate identifiable stimulus OPERANT Behavior and Elicited Behavior can look the same way, but occur for very different reasons Behavior can be elicited and emitted Reflexive and Operant Behavior: would a 6 week old do it? When we speak of the "quick reflexes" of an athlete, are we really talking about reflexes (in the sense we are using them in the class)? NO Thresholds and Reflexes Examples: a weak vinegar concentration (below threshold, don’t taste it), a sledge hammer to the patellar tendon (instead of rubber mallet) (above threshold, break leg) Too little (or too much) of the stimulus will not produce the reflexive response These thresholds can be manipulated on several levels Thresholds are determined for particular features of stimuli, with other factors held constant (drugs, e.g., Ritalin, or Methylphenidate, alcohol…. I only had 2 drinks ) Measurable Properties of the Reflex Latency - how long it takes to get the response Magnitude - what the response looks like Duration - how long the response goes on (i.e. officer with lights on in rear view window) Measures of the reflex (3):
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Elicited and Emitted Behavior (Exam 1 Notes - 2) -...

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