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Unformatted text preview: Shaping More of an art, than a science. We can discuss "rules of thumb," but you have to do it, before you "get it." Defined Shaping is defined as the method of successive approximations to a terminal response What would happen if you never spoke to a child, and waited for it to speak? You would be waiting a long time. Shaping Instead, shaping allows us to start with something small, and work it into (shape it into) something we want Because organisms will engage in highly variable responding (we are programmed to have our behavior modified by its consequences) we have a basic starting point It is an ontogenic parallel to phylogenic selection Dog training, pigeon key pecking ○ Shaping can occur artificially Jiggling your car keys to get them out of the ignition ○ Can also occur naturally Operant Class Classes of responses that are affected by the way in which they operate on the environment No 2 responses are identical, so we speak of a class of R that produce a similar effect on the...
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- Fall '08
- Psychology, 10 mins, Descriptive and Functional Operants, functional operant