Exam 2 Guided Notes

Exam 2 Guided Notes - Psychology of Learning(PSYC 210...

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Psychology of Learning (PSYC 210) Exam 2 Guided Notes Reinforcement: Making Stuff Happen Note: This lecture moves quickly. Read ahead and try to keep up. Background Reinforcement happens! It happens naturally in the “___________ _____________.” This will involve more than simply presenting stimuli It will require arranging consequences Note the photos and who was associated with each method. Recall the work of Thorndike and the _____________ He called this, __________________ learning because it took the cats several attempts, with several errors, before they performed consistently and fast Thorndike’s _______________________________ suggested that responses could be made more probable by some consequences and less probable by others. Which experiments best capture “insight” learning? These are called, _________________________ , time to complete a response, as a function of trials.
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Psychology of Learning (PSYC 210) Exam 2 Guided Notes Real Life Examples What are some real-life examples of behavior that might “improve with practice” when latency is the behavioral measure? Disassemble and reassemble a __________________ Disassemble and reassemble your __________________ Be sure to take note of my particular examples presented in class (all them including the video snippets). Maze Learning Introduced as a way to measure _____________________ The p of a response was influenced by its __________________ Mazes started as very __________________constructions Small’s experimental analog for rats _______________ : It was difficult to study learning, because there were so many different ways to complete the maze. Maze Learning (The _______________ ) By defining what is correct and what is incorrect, the U-maze reduced some of the ambiguity of Small’s first maze Know the source of Small’s inspiration. Still problems with the U-maze because of sequence interactions (what you did before might influence your _______________ )
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Psychology of Learning (PSYC 210) Exam 2 Guided Notes Maze Learning (The _______________ ) So, let’s cut the # of choices to _______________ Reduces problems, but doesn’t eliminate them If 1 rat got the food on the _______________ , but the other didn’t, may the “right rat” will be better and faster, just b/c he got the first one right. Maze Learning (The _______________ ) Problem still _______________ Emphasized group performance (not individual performance) Other factors influence behavior Experimenter places rat at start Direction at opening You have to slow down to _______________ Maze Learning: _______________ Psychologists who studied the behavior of animals in mazes gradually made the mazes simpler and simpler, eliminating choice points and turnings, until the maze _______________ in some experiments. The Operant Chamber (Key Features) The EAB _____________________________ (EAB) typically involves _______________ and _______________ as subjects of study. It also involves humans, but the experimental preparations differ slightly.
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Psychology of Learning (PSYC 210) Exam 2 Guided Notes NOTE The example photograph shown. How does one assess basic behavior processes with humans (with what apparatus)?___________________ Operant Behavior Some points to review: Operant behavior is _______________ Operant behavior is selected by its _______________ Operant behavior is _______________ by its consequences ______________________________ : arranging a contingent IF-THEN relation between behavior and a stimulus which comes after it _______________ : A response that produces a change in the environment and increases in frequency due to that change
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Exam 2 Guided Notes - Psychology of Learning(PSYC 210...

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