SOCY Chapter 3

SOCY Chapter 3 - Ideal Culture vs. Real culture Types of...

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Culture
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Culture is… • “the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed down from one generation to the next in a human group or society.”
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Types of Culture… • Material Culture • Nonmaterial Culture
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Cultural Universals • George Murdock’s cultural universals are… • Appearance • Activities • Social institutions • Customary practices
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Key Components of Culture • Symbols • Language • Values • Norms
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Symbols • Symbols convey ideas, values and beliefs.
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Language • Language allows people to communicate (verbal or nonverbal) ideas to one another through shared symbols. • Sapir-Whorf hypothesis • Language can reflect how gender, racial and ethnic differences are constructed.
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Values • Criteria that are used to evaluate peoples actions. • Core American Values
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Unformatted text preview: Ideal Culture vs. Real culture Types of Norms Prescriptive norms Proscriptive norms Formal Norms Informal Norms Strength of Norms Folkways- low impact consequences Mores- high impact consequences Laws- civil or criminal consequences Homogenous Societies Heterogeneous Societies Subcultures Ethnic Subcultures Countercultures Culture shock Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism Cultural Imperialism Theoretical Perspectives of Culture Functionalists perceive culture as serving as a source of consensus and stability. Conflict theories suggest that culture helps to create and sustain the privileged position of the powerful in society....
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course SOCY 101 taught by Professor Cousin-gossett during the Fall '09 term at UMBC.

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SOCY Chapter 3 - Ideal Culture vs. Real culture Types of...

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