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SOCY Chapter 3

SOCY Chapter 3 - • Ideal Culture vs Real culture Types of...

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Culture
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Culture is… “the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed down from one generation to the next in a human group or society.”
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Types of Culture… Material Culture Nonmaterial Culture
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Cultural Universals George Murdock’s cultural universals are… • Appearance • Activities Social institutions Customary practices
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Key Components of Culture • Symbols • Language • Values • Norms
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Symbols Symbols convey ideas, values and beliefs.
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Language Language allows people to communicate (verbal or nonverbal) ideas to one another through shared symbols. • Sapir-Whorf hypothesis Language can reflect how gender, racial and ethnic differences are constructed.
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Values Criteria that are used to evaluate peoples actions. Core American Values
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Unformatted text preview: • Ideal Culture vs. Real culture Types of Norms • Prescriptive norms • Proscriptive norms • Formal Norms • Informal Norms Strength of Norms… • Folkways- low impact consequences • Mores- high impact consequences • Laws- civil or criminal consequences • Homogenous Societies • Heterogeneous Societies • Subcultures • Ethnic Subcultures • Countercultures • Culture shock • Ethnocentrism • Cultural Relativism • Cultural Imperialism Theoretical Perspectives of Culture… • Functionalists perceive culture as serving as a source of consensus and stability. • Conflict theories suggest that culture helps to create and sustain the privileged position of the powerful in society....
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