SOCY Chapters 5 and 6

SOCY Chapters 5 and 6 - Chapter 5-6 Social construction of...

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Social construction of reality - the process by which our perception of reality is largely shaped by the subjective meaning that we give to an experience Definition of the situation - we analyze a social context in which we find ourselves, determine our best interest and adjust our attitudes and actions accordingly. Saying the person is not a good student; the person might stop studying and fail classes Self-fulfilling prophecy - a false belief or prediction that produces behavior that makes the originally false belief come true Social workers: "down and out," alcoholic men Those men: some degree of satisfaction We define situations from our own frame of reference, based on the statuses that we occupy and the roles that we play Jacqueline Wiseman: Pacific City's skid row (run down area) Idealogical code for how people's family life should be arranged Determines how people in organization believe that family should be Dorothy E. Smith: "Standard North American Family" Patricia Hill Collins: "reality" is viewed differently by African American women and other oppressed groups Interactions are based on assumptions of shared expectancies Ethnomethodology - study of the common sense knowledge that people use to understand the situations in which they find themselves (Garfinkel) Assigned different activities to students to see how breaking the unspoken rules of behavior created confusion Garfinkel: Breach Experiment Dramaturgical analysis - study of social interaction that compares everyday life to a theatrical presentation Impression management (presentation of self) - people's efforts to present themselves to others in ways that are most favorable to their own interests or image face saving behavior, studied nonobservance (face-saving technique where one role player ignores the flaws in another's performance to avoid embarrassment) Goffman: i.e. Flight attendants must display certain carefully selected emotions (friendly towards all passengers) Emotional labor is emphasized in middle- and upper-class families Emotional labor - occurs only in jobs that require personal contact with the public or the production of a state of mind (hope, desire, or fear) in others Arlie Hochschild: feeling rules (what is acceptable and unacceptable emotion) C Wright Mills - when we "sell our personality," we go through process of self-alienation Chapter 5-6 Quiz 3 Page 1
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Nonverbal communication - transfer of information between persons without the use of words Goffman: demeanor (how we behave or conduct ourselves) is relative to social power Deference - symbolic means by which subordinates give a required permissive response to those in power Edward Hall (anthropologist) - personal space CHAPTER 6 : SOCIAL GROUPS Aggregate - a collection of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time but share little else in common Category - a number of people who may never have met one another but share a similar characteristic,
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SOCY Chapters 5 and 6 - Chapter 5-6 Social construction of...

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