Soc 3424- Chapter 1-2

Soc 3424- Chapter 1-2 - Chapter 1 Introduction Lee Boyd...

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Chapter 1- Introduction Lee Boyd Malvo-17 years old, first degree murder, life in prison without parole in Virginia court When crimes are committed in several states, decision of court is where defendant was caught Before laws concerning Juveniles were passed, they were tried as adults Offenders tried in juvenile court cannot be subjected to the death penalty 1.2-Defination Juvenile Delinquency- Criminal activity, and other non criminal behaviors. Ex. Running away -these acts are known as Status Offenses Status Offenses- the condition of the person’s age at the time the offense was committed. Under the age of majority Age of Majority- the age at which a person is considered an adult Childhood - under the age of majority, minor or children All states contain provisions for the transfer or wavier from juvenile court to adult court Presumptive laws- cases meeting certain conditions are automatically assigned to the adult court Two conditions must be met before a case may be waived -the age of the offender at the time of the alleged offense was committed -and the nature of the offense Serious felony- murder, rape Age of transfer- lowest age where case may be waived Transfer cases have peaked in 1994 A person under the age of 7 cannot be charged with a crime Delinquency- any offense that is considered a crime in the legal codes of a state that is committed by a juvenile under the age of majority; or Any offense that is in the juvenile codes and is committed by one under the age of majority -under this definition the number of juvenile arrests has decreased 1.3- Brief history -19 th century juvenile were treated as small adults
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-citizens were concerned for and with children -reformers were wives of the industrialists 1.4- Illinois -An act for the treatment and control of dependent, neglected, and delinquent children -Creation of the status offense -before this authorities were allowed to punish children for disobeying parents Parens Patriae- removing children from homes and putting them in institutions or homes of other strangers was justified. Even over parent’s objections. Chapter 2- History in America -Juvenile Del was first seen during the 18 th century -Not until the end of the 19 th did the legal meaning become established Neil Postman - argue that age seven selected as the age of criminal responsibility. The age which children have command of speech First stubborn child law - disobedient children could be put to death and that such a penalty came directly from the bible Late 17 th - change in clothing style for youngsters is one clear sign that children were being viewed as different from adults -their moral and spiritual development became matters of concern and importance -Children are not to be left unattended -children are not to be pampered or spoiled -children are to be treated with modesty -Proper language and dress everyday manners Poor Laws- governed the education of children from poor and destitute families 2.2- 19 th century reform efforts and practices
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Soc 3424- Chapter 1-2 - Chapter 1 Introduction Lee Boyd...

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