Government 312L Notes - Government 312L Notes Tuesday 7-12...

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Tuesday 7-12 Understanding the CW: IR Theory – Levels of analysis - Systematic level –Realism o Assertion of inevitability o Cannot explain ideologies, TOO RIGID. Cannot explain non-state actors (e.g. Al Qaeda) o The situation determines your behavior. No police or anything to protect you. o Billiard ball theory o Realism. Sees conflict as an integral part of the system. War, not peace is the natural order of things. Peace is rare. o Anarchic (X) International behavior (Y). No overarching government to solve disputes between countries. Self-help system. o Mistrust and the security dilemma. Countries can say that tanks and planes are a source of defense, but there is no trust in the international system. So other countries start to build up their defenses in distrust. Spiral effect. Leads to an inevitability of conflict. o War is costly. Doesn’t always make sense. Part of a bargaining process. Ferron purposes three issues Issue indivisibility – An issue that can’t be divided. Territorial disputes. Private Information – Deliberately private or not. Like a peaceful hippie who is packed with knives or guns or something. War reveals this information. Commitment problem – Lack of international government. Like a small person who takes MMA lessons and works out, but he cannot promise he won’t use his new skills. o Problems with cooperation – Prisoner’s dilemma: Cooperation is difficult because of the prisoner’s dilemma. It is easy to defect and rat someone out in hope of lessening your jail time. Remember the chart with the jail time. o Balance of Power If both sides are of equal power, no one wants to fight. Nuclear weapons are what can keep countries from fighting. - Two competing views from the National Level o Traditionalist perspective – Soviet expansion Soviets started the CW, the US were only on the defensive. Three reasons the US didn’t trust USSR Molotov-Ribbentrop pact Poland in Europe and other Baltic countries Russia not being able to demobilize System of government causes countries to be “bad” or “good” COMPETING IDEOLOGIES Historically, democracies are more peaceful than other governments. But, they are only peaceful to other democracies. Too ideological, exaggerate the claims that the soviets or US were expansionists. Economic ties cause other democracies to be peaceful. Less competing ideologies. Elections.
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Government 312L Notes - Government 312L Notes Tuesday 7-12...

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