Lecture 11 (1) - I US and the post-cold war World a In...

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I. US and the post-cold war World a. In search of a mission: i. We have ended containment, causes identity crisis. ii. When we define our mission, we have figure out the means AND the end. iii. “trying to promote democracy” iv. In early 90’s, what should US be? Is it the US responsibility to ensure personal rights, prevent ethnic conflicts and famine around the world? v. Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Somalia. vi. Intervention was more legitimate during CW (by the US public and by the nation in which US was present). The domino theory allowed the US to get involved around the world. vii. US struggled with ambiguities, you can’t have it all your way. China comes up as an example. US didn’t do anything about it (which is not what FP would be if based on moral policy; economically and strategically, we do have interests in having China as friend). viii.Without a clear mission, US seems adrift. b. The problem of a weak Russia i. We can’t just leave them alone. c. Engaging Russia i. From containment to internal influence: Now, we’re looking at internal influence (US step in, help reset economic system via experts sent over there). From command-control economy to free market in a short time. NO individual businesses, no consumer goods, etc. ii. Changing politically: trying to set voting up, etc. iii. II. Competing values in US foreign policy (pre-9/11) a. Possible ends (Which one out of five should we do primarily/exclusively) i. Spreading democracy (Wilsonianism): 1. Ideals of national self-determination. Wilson lived in an age of empires; many nations are subjected to foreign control. Clinton wants to have this approach. Expanding market democracies.
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2. Assumptions: the US system has a degree of superiority (democractic peace). Our FP should be spreading democracy around the world. Democracies don’t fight democracies. Good for the US morally, strategically, economically. 3. Problems: a. Not always feasible in the face of other more pressing threats. (DIFFICULT to accomplish). Seems like a luxury. b. Some autocracies are very useful in US security. c. You might be ignoring OTHER threats. ii. Economic prosperity (economism) 1. Helping our economy, don’t worry security. 2. Driven by idea that we need to support our domestic economy 3. Problems: a. Hurt relationships with Germany/Japan and turn them into rivals. b. Might threaten security iii. National security (realism) 1. Should be directed at strategic concerns. Balance of power. “Chop them off at the knees” (any rising powers) 2. What realists say due to balance of power. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2011 for the course GOVT 312L taught by Professor Dennis during the Summer '11 term at University of Texas.

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Lecture 11 (1) - I US and the post-cold war World a In...

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