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Lecture 12 - Lecture 30 Mon Aug 8th I U.S Policy toward...

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Lecture “30”, Mon, Aug 8 th I. U.S. Policy toward Russia a. Toward a new containment i. Shift from internal to external: Taliban comes to power, should we try to spread democracy or ensure security? Unilateralism or multilateralism? Weak democratic Russia is not our friend (loose nukes, destabilize neighbors), strong Putin autocratic Russia is definitely not our friend. ii. Mitigating Russia’s energy influence: don’t want Russia to shut down energy around the world. iii. Holding Russia to international norms: Russians do have a point: airplanes blown out by black widows, airports, rock concerts. Honor killings: patriarchal society in Chechnya, but gender equality in Russia. To deter terrorists, go after their family. Muskakov (legitimate president) said “just want to stop killing the Chechens.” 1. What is terrorism? US has placed some Chechens as terrorists due to Russia- US negotiations. b. Pragmatism: cooperate when interests converge: these are areas where US an Russia can get along. i. Counter-terrorism: both Russia and US want to prevent suicide bombings, etc. ii. Non-proliferation: prevent spread of nuclear weapons to non-nuclear nations. Getting control of loose nukes and technology from USSR scientists and prevent them from going to rogue nation. iii. Economic cooperation and energy: russia’s got a lot of oil. II. War on terrorism: introduction a. Coercive strategy: combating terrorists i. Defense, offense, and deterrence: Drone attacks for the past 10 years have worked. Shut down financial networks (terrorists used religious charities to raise money for weapons). Would-be terrorists when they need a bit of money for bomb, they don’t get it. Al-Qaeda is less worried about planning new attacks than to look for own security and money. 1. Coercise: to use some purposeful action to control terrorism. 2. Deterrence: defensive. Airports, infrastructure, electrical grids, borders, shipping containers. 10 years after 9/11, we still have glaring defensive gaps.
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