Lecture 13 - Lecture 19, Wednesday August 10th I. In...

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Lecture 19, Wednesday August 10 th I. Introduction: what’s the conflict in Chechnya? a. Background: in the Black Sea, independent, south part of Caucaus Mountain Range, for Russians this was a barrier against Ottoman Empire. Now very rich in oil. Now a strategic trading point. i. In 1700’s, Russian czars have started to expand. Encounter incredible resistance from Chechens. A leader rose up and countered the Russians in name of Islam. ii. Chechens have never had princes, in wartime they would come together to elect a leader, but usually equal and free people. iii. 1944: Stalin was afraid that Germans driving east & Chechens cooperate with them because they hate Russia so much. 1. Deported, 1/3 population died during deportation to Siberia. 2. When returned, ethnic Russians have taken over in their homes (under Khrushchev, 1960’s). Russians used the Chechen tombstones to line gardens (very disrespectful). iv. 1990’s, told to swallow as much independence as you can get. Chechens tried to declare independence in 1991, under a general. b.
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Lecture 13 - Lecture 19, Wednesday August 10th I. In...

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