Notes for Exam 3' (1) - Lecture 8 Essay: Parenthetical...

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Lecture 8 Essay: Parenthetical (“lecture”, “gaddis, 228”) citations Four explanations (choose one): 1. Reagan ended the cold war? 2. or Gorbachev ended the cold war? 3. Successful containment worked? 4. Communist system collapsed? Communism as a system of govt failed in practice although good in theory. “in this essay I’ll discuss various positions on CW end, but in the end I conclude that Gorbachev did it”. (example). Which one is most persuasive to you. CHOOSE ONE CLEARLY. Things to consider: what happens to all the nukes, was it an unipolar world, was Russia going to become democratic, what was going to happen to NATO, what was Russia’s economic system like, security: communism & nukes were the big fear now there’s non-state terrorism (insurgencies shift from communists to bin ladin/al-qaeda sources) I. Intro: Evaluating the end of the CW a. The remarkable nature of the end: i. Summary: Near the 70’s the US looked like they were losing. 1. Ultimately the US supported the dictators and didn’t make the US very popular. 2. Ho Chi Minh: Truman changed the policy towards him and he needs the French and help them try to retain control of French Indo-China. In 8 years, (45-1954) we actually pumped in $8billion to Vietnam. (domino theory). French lost (100,000 troops), divided the Vietnam, we get involved in 1965-1973. By 1975 the north overtakes the south. 3. Later learned that this time Soviet had a lot of economic problem. 4. Nixon comes to power and exploits that division between China and USSR. Realpolik pragamatist (Kissinger) flexible policy with China. Nixon famously goes to China. 5. No one predicted the end of the CW: Vietnam protests, Nixon impeached (Watergate), Gerald Ford comes to power pardons the president, Carter: 1979 Iran revolution by a wide range of ppl overthrew the shah. Radicals do take power. Seize the American Embassy and kept prisoners. Soviets invade Afganistan. Reagan comes to power. By the end of the 80’s, things have changed. HOW did that happen? 6. Essential suicide of country ( can’t explained by systemicists ), unification of Germany and be a part of NATO. 7. End of 70’s, depressed economy in the US, US lost battles around the world, dictators that US supported were overthrown. 8. There are 2 Reagan. Reagan 1 is hard-line anti-commie. Reagan 2 was a bit softer and much more willing to compromise 9. Soviets give up satellites in E. Europe, Germany joins NATO, 1991 Soviet Unions disintegrates into 15 separate countries. CW disappears without anticipation.
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ii. Our task: explain the end of the CW and how it ended. iii. Zero-sum world drove American foreign policy makers for many decades. 1980’s saw everyone predicting eventual warfare and see the CW as LT.
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Notes for Exam 3' (1) - Lecture 8 Essay: Parenthetical...

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