Understanding the Cold War 2 RAchel

Understanding the Cold War 2 RAchel - EssayTalking about...

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Essay- Talking about alternative approaches- not a laundry list Strength of Reagan- correlation of events Intro 1980s- looks like US is losing Vietnam- same thing? Vietnam- pulling out starts the period where Soviets look like they’re going to get gains- we abandon our alliy Detente- peaceful exchanges, give the Soviets the Olympics in the 80s In the beginning, no one predicted the end of the Cold War, looks like US in trouble Vietnam protests, Nixon impeached Reagan- individualist theorist boost- Gorbachev Reagan in the second term is much more willing to compromise- dual threat- putting pressure on Soviets, then relaxing The way the 1980s began is not how it ended Under Gorbachev, the USSR willing gives up spheres of influence, and what? End is super unexpected It should have come to a head Soviet Union basically imploded because of one thing- redistribution of power US in eighties- big boom- come out of depression, economic boom US starts to accrue economic power, but with Reagan and with Soviet actions themselves, Soviets start to look not so good Initially, USSR had legitimacy in Third World, whereas US were allies with big colonial powers Our own actions that supported dictators over communists In 80s, USSR started acting like an imperial power itself US- soft power- movies, cultural exchange Declining state- mmight be tempted to lash out- strike out now, instead of slowly withdrawing National- shift from ideology to System success At the end of the day, Soviets just couldn’t compete with US system- so just gave up? Shift from concentration on aggressiveness of one or the other to inherent successfulness of one system over another- US wins Emphasis on Individual Level Ronald Reagan- largely responsible for end of cold war- pushed through his foreign policies,
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forced Soviets to negotiate with US, and reform own system Side effects: nested gains- added benefit at vertical level with domestic constituents- showed policies had efficacy renewal/ new confidence among American people, new determination Gorbachev- Shifts away from strong arm means that Soviets have always relied on, willing to work with US Without Gorbachev, and his policies, don’t get end of policies, not when or how it happens Foreign policy- proxy wars, covert actions, these policies meant that the soviets would try to keep up Khrushchev- destalification – Gorbachev is born from this period, has a new way of thinking about things As soon as he comes to power, things are bad, need to reform Two policies- Peritroyka- restructuring, empowering Sinatra Doctrine- if want to elect non-communist Unintended consequences. Reagan policy- SDI, Soviets- overstretched Reagan doctrine- covert and overt aid to anti-communists- Afghanistan mujhahaddein calls for Rollback- ROLLBACK replaces containment- push soviets to take away from their gain Diminsh soviet influence in third world, and maybe open door for capitalist markets Successful containment-
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Understanding the Cold War 2 RAchel - EssayTalking about...

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