Week 3 Lecture Outliness

Week 3 Lecture Outliness - 1 I Intro Evaluating the End of...

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I. Intro: Evaluating the End of the Cold War A. The Remarkable Nature of the End -in the 70’s and early 80’s looks like US is losing -US lost popular support bc supported regimes, not pop comm. -Soviets had very bad internal problems. Gorbachev tries to reform econ advantage. -Détente: peaceful coexistence -US supported Shaw ’79 (Shaw lose Iran & embarrassment) -80’s: suicide of Sov, reunify Germany & becomes part of NATO, give up satellite states II. Levels of Analysis and the End of the Cold War A. Problems of Systemic Level 1) Difficulty Explaining Change 2) Soviet Union’s “Unrealistic” Behavior -say soviet committed suicide bc uneven balance of power to US. Power redistributed. Doesn’t tell much -Realists would say others would come together to balance but didn’t. Also the declining state tends to lash out & not give up like the sov did. B. National Level 1) Shift from Ideology to System Success -the beginning starts by looking at ideology & @ the end, systems US wins (Political & Econ success) -This is saying Communism doomed to failure. good in theory, bad in practice C. Emphasis on Individual Level 1) Prominent Role of Individual Actors - Reagancentric: R largely responsible for end of CW. Pushed US to compromise (& Sov) & to reform their system. His policy showed to have efficacy. Led to renewal & determination - Gorbachev: reorients Sov perception of security from security means to negotiation. 1
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III. Perspectives on the End of the Cold War A. National Level Factors 1) US and Successful Containment 2) USSR and Communist System Collapse 1) Impact of Mass Mobilization -Created by policies of glasnost -Gorb lets Mobilization happen B. Individual Level Factors 1) Reagan Foreign Policy 2) Gorbachev Foreign & Domestic Policy -Krushchev launched destalinization. From this time Gorb grows up. - Parastroika: restructuring, particularly economically & gave manufacturing managers some autonomy & they didn’t know what to do with it - Glasnost: people had to be free, open & unafraid & has unintended consequences. Sov Union signed saying could leave in 30’s. Now Russia saying that they wanted out. - “New Thinking”- can’t afford ideologically, economically. Sinatra Doctrine -sees problem with wall. Why need a wall t keep people in ? He had options. Didn’t have to let Sov go. III.
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Week 3 Lecture Outliness - 1 I Intro Evaluating the End of...

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