Week 4 Lecture Outlines - GOV 312L: Lecture 13: Monday, Aug...

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GOV 312L: Lecture 13: Monday, Aug 1st I. Perspectives on the Post-Cold War World A. The “New World Order” 1. Initial Euphoria B. Rise of New/Old Threats 1. Ethnic Conflict 2. International Terrorism C. New Problems with Russia 1. The Dilemma of a Weak Russia 2. Problems with a Resurgent Russia II. Three Perspectives on the Post-Cold War World 1. Realism: Multipolarity and Instability 2. Idealism: The Democratic Peace 3. Cultural: Clash of Civilizations III. The “Long Peace” of the Cold War vs. the Instabilty of Post-CW A. Systemic Advantages of the Cold War 1. Stability of Bipolar System 2. Independence -- Conflict Avoidance 3. Benefits of Nuclear Deterrence B. Post-CW Multipolarity and Instability IV. Optimism: The Democratic Peace A. Democracies Don’t Fight One Another 1. The Empirical Record 2. Critique: Alternative Explanations a. Too Few Democracies in History b. Common Cold War Adversary c. Economic Interdependence
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The Democratic Peace Theory A. The Theory – Why a Democratic Peace? 1. Cultural Norms of Nonviolence 2. Institutional Obstacles to Military Action 3. Difficulty Defining a Democracy as an Enemy IV. Critique – Democratic Transition Increases Conflict 1. Democratizing states are actually more war- prone. 2. Nationalism and democratization are often correlated. GOV 312L: Lecture 14, Tue., Aug 2nd I. US and the Post-Cold War World A. In Search of a Mission B. The Problem of a Weak Russia C. Engaging Russia 1. From Containment to Internal Influence II. Competing Values in US Foreign Policy (Pre-9/11) A. Possible Ends 1. Spreading Democracy (Wilsonianism) 2. Economic Prosperity (Economism) 3. National Security (Realism) 4. Human Rights (Humanitarianism) 5.
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Week 4 Lecture Outlines - GOV 312L: Lecture 13: Monday, Aug...

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