imperial state - 3) Civil service examination Metropolitan...

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The Imperial State
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Zhongguo Foundation of the State 1) Territorial identity: Zhongguo (the central state)
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Foundation of the State 2) Language and script
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Evolution of Chinese written language Foundation of the State 2) Language and script
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Huangdi (The Yellow Emperor), legendary ancestor of Chinese nation Mausoleum of Huangdi Foundation of the State 3) Icons and symbols
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Structure of the State 1) Centralized bureaucracy Feudalism vs Bureaucracy in early Han
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Structure of the State 1) Centralized bureaucracy Central government: Emperor Chief counselor (prime minister) Six ministers (personnel, revenue, ritual, war, punishment, works) Censor-in-chief Lower-level governments: General Governors (military) Provincial Governors (civil) County Magistrates Local groups for mutual surveillance and tax collection Bao: 1,000 households Jia: 100 households Pai: 10 households
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Periodic evaluation of performance Rule of avoidance Civil service examination Structure of the State 2) Meritocracy
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Examination Cells Structure of the State
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Unformatted text preview: 3) Civil service examination Metropolitan exam (every three years): jinshi Provincial exam (every three years): juren County-level exam (annually): shengyuan Incorporating yin/yang theory into Confucianism: Oneness of man and nature Three cardinal guides: Ruler guides subject Father guides son Husband guides wife Five constant virtues: Benevolence Righteousness Propriety Wisdom fidelity Morality and punishment (yin and yang) Dong Zhongshu (179-104 BC) Ideology of the State 1) Han Confucianism: under Emperor Wu (r. 141-87 BC) China as the center of the world: Zhongguo h& (the Middle Kingdom) China as the only civilized land: Zhonghua/huaxia h& / h & Ideology of the State 3) Sinocentrism CHINA PROPER Ideology of the State 3) Sinocentrism Why? Geographic isolation Advanced economy The tributary system The Tributary System: Suzerain vs tributaries Ideology of the State 3) Sinocentrism...
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imperial state - 3) Civil service examination Metropolitan...

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