population and economy in imperial china

population and economy in imperial china - 1949 2.71 1994...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Population and Economy in China
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Population Growth
Image of page 2
Dynasty Year (A.D.) Population ( million) Han 2 60 Tang 755 53 Song 1100 100 Ming 1400 80 Qing 1685 100 1741 143 1776 208 1790 301 1834 401 1851 432 Population Growth
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Reasons of population swelling during the Qing: Unprecedented peace and prosperity Control of epidemics (use of vaccines) New crops (maize, sweet potatoes, peanuts) Inheritance system (equal division among sons) Freezing poll tax (1712) Global warming (extended growing season) Population Growth
Image of page 4
Water area of Lake Dongting: Year Area (km 2 ) 1896 5400 1949 4350 1958 3141 1983 2691 1) Land reclamation Economic Consequences
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Economic Consequences 1) Land reclamation
Image of page 6
2) Land hunger 1400-1800: Population - increased 4 times Arable land - increased 2 times ARABLE LAND PER CAPITA Tang (AD 755): 17.88 mu (3 acres) Song (AD 976): 6.37 Ming (1600): 4.17 Qing (1774): 3.69 1920: 3.10
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1949: 2.71 1994: 1.19 (0.2 acre) (USA: 4 acres) Economic Consequences 3) Labor intensification Double cropping of rice Economic Consequences 3) Labor intensification Raising silk worms Economic Consequences 3) Labor intensification Weaving cloth Economic Consequences 4) “Agricultural Involution” (Philip Huang) Workdays 150 200 250 300 350 Output per mu 500 550 580 600 610 Output per workday 3.33 2.75 2.32 2.00 1.74 • Land productivity: increasing • Labor productivity: decreasing ___________________________________________________ Agricultural Revolution in early modern Europe: Workdays 100 90 80 70 60 Output per land unit 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Output per workday 8 9 12.50 15.71 20 • Land productivity: increasing • Labor productivity: increasing Economic Consequences...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern