population and economy in imperial china

population and economy in imperial china - 1949: 2.71 1994:...

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Population and Economy in China
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Population Growth
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Dynasty Year (A.D.) Population ( million) Han 2 60 Tang 755 53 Song 1100 100 Ming 1400 80 Qing 1685 100 1741 143 1776 208 1790 301 1834 401 1851 432 Population Growth
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Reasons of population swelling during the Qing: Unprecedented peace and prosperity Control of epidemics (use of vaccines) New crops (maize, sweet potatoes, peanuts) Inheritance system (equal division among sons) Freezing poll tax (1712) Global warming (extended growing season) Population Growth
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Water area of Lake Dongting: Year Area (km 2 ) 1896 5400 1949 4350 1958 3141 1983 2691 1) Land reclamation Economic Consequences
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Economic Consequences 1) Land reclamation
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2) Land hunger 1400-1800: Population - increased 4 times Arable land - increased 2 times ARABLE LAND PER CAPITA Tang (AD 755): 17.88 mu (3 acres) Song (AD 976): 6.37 Ming (1600): 4.17 Qing (1774): 3.69 1920: 3.10
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Unformatted text preview: 1949: 2.71 1994: 1.19 (0.2 acre) (USA: 4 acres) Economic Consequences 3) Labor intensification Double cropping of rice Economic Consequences 3) Labor intensification Raising silk worms Economic Consequences 3) Labor intensification Weaving cloth Economic Consequences 4) Agricultural Involution (Philip Huang) Workdays 150 200 250 300 350 Output per mu 500 550 580 600 610 Output per workday 3.33 2.75 2.32 2.00 1.74 Land productivity: increasing Labor productivity: decreasing ___________________________________________________ Agricultural Revolution in early modern Europe: Workdays 100 90 80 70 60 Output per land unit 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Output per workday 8 9 12.50 15.71 20 Land productivity: increasing Labor productivity: increasing Economic Consequences...
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population and economy in imperial china - 1949: 2.71 1994:...

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