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reactions to the west - REACTIONS TO THE WEST The Taiping...

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REACTIONS TO THE WEST
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The Taiping Rebellion, 1851-1864 Hong Xiuquan (1814-1864) 1814 Hong was born 1836 Visited Guangzhou and received “Good Words for Exhorting the Age” 1847 Started “Society of God Worshipers” 1851 Started uprising
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Battle in Jiangxi 9/1851 Captured Yong’an and established “Taiping Tianguo” ( x - w • Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace) 4/1852 Attacked Changsha 11/1952 Took Yuezhou and Wuhan 3/1853 Occupied Nanjing The Taiping Rebellion
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Theocracy : Heavenly Capital / Heavenly King One church per 25 families Old and New Testaments Christian tracts by Hong Ancestor-worship forbidden Idols and temples destroyed Land System : “Heavenly Land System” - Abolition of private ownership Equal distribution to men and women Surplus products to public storehouse Civil exam : Based on the Bible and Christian tracts Open to both men and women Candidates from all walks of life Social policies : Equality between men and women Segregation of the sexes Bans on opium smoking, prostitution dancing use of tobacco and wine foot-binding sale of slaves gambling polygamy The Taiping Rebellion
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Ever since the times of Yao, Shun, and the Three Dynasties, sages, generation after generation, have upheld the Confucian teachings, stressing proper human relationships, between ruler and minister, father and son, superiors and subordinates, the high and the low, all in their proper place, just as hats and shoes are not interchangeable. The Yue bandits have stolen a few scraps from the foreign barbarians and worship the Christian religion.
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