the making of a treaty system

the making of a treaty system - The Making of a Treaty...

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The Making of a “Treaty System”
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Suzerain (China) Tributaries China as the center of the world Foreigners as barbarians The Tributary System
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Emperor Qianlong (r. 1736-1795) McCarthney: Diplomatic residence in Beijing Ending the cohong system Opening new ports Fixing fair and equitable tariffs Emperor Qianlong’s reply to King George III in 1793: “As your ambassador can see, we posses all things. I set no value on objects strange and ingenious, and have no use for your country’s manufacturers” Lord McCarthney The McCartney Mission, 1793 The Seclusion Policy
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The English East India Company (EIC): Monopoly on English trade between Canton and London (through India) until 1834 Commodities: tea, lead, tin, copper, woolens, and cottons The Cohong system: Licensed monopolistic guild of hong merchants Supervised by the Superintendent of Maritime Customs for Guangdong (Hoppo: to collect and levy duties) Trading Season: October through March The Canton Factories and the Eight Regulations Foreign Trade
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The Eight Regulations: No foreign warship were to enter the Bogue. Foreign women and weapons were prohibited from entering the factories. Foreigners could not employ Chinese servants or learn the Chinese language. Foreigners accompanied by a linguist could enter Canton city at
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the making of a treaty system - The Making of a Treaty...

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