Biological Theory - Biological Theory Click to edit Master...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/27/11 Biological Theory
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8/27/11 Goals of the lecture Early theories and perspectives on biological factors and behavior Current biological explanations and behavior Obstetric Neurological factors/neuro-chemistry Bio-genetic and bio-social Policy Implications
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8/27/11 DISCUSSION What comes to mind when you think of biological theories and crime?
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8/27/11 Early Biological Theories Aristotle The shape of the skull determines personality Gall The shape of the skull reveals underlying development problems The shape of the skulls reveals information about personality Phrenology: bumps and irregularities in the skulls and behavior The theory was never systemically tested
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8/27/11 Early Biological Theories Lombroso Criminals are atavistic human beings— throwbacks to an earlier evolutionary stage They are not fully developed mentally They have primitive physical characteristics Savages Atavistic traits: Long arms, Large lips, Crooked noses, An abnormal amount of body hair, Prominent cheekbones/large jaw, Two eyes of different colors, Ears without defined lobes, Insensitive to pain
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8/27/11 Early Biological Theories Goring and Pearson A test of atavism on 3,000 prisoners in comparison to a group of army members known as the Royal Engineers No significant difference between the groups
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8/27/11 Early Biological Theories Hooton 12 years constructing a profile of human body measurements of 13,873 convicts in 10 states These measures were compared to 3,203 individuals from the National Guard, firehouses, hospitals, and beaches Findings: criminals are physically inferior
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8/27/11 Early Biological Theories Sheldon Studied 200 juvenile delinquents and identified three types of body: Mesomorphs: a predominance of muscles Endomorphs: roundness of the body, short limbs, small bones, soft and smooth skin
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2011 for the course CCJ 3024 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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Biological Theory - Biological Theory Click to edit Master...

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