Psychological Theories

Psychological Theories - Psychological theories 8/27/11...

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8/27/11 Goals of the lecture Intelligence and crime Psychoanalytic theories Humanistic psychological theory Personality theory Cognitive development theory Behavior theory Learning theory Treatment of psychopathology Policy Implications
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8/27/11 Discussion Hypotheses l Those with lower levels of intelligence will be more likely to commit crime l Criminals are more likely to possess certain personality traits than non-criminals
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8/27/11 Psychological theories One of the early and most popular explanations of criminal behavior was demonology Later it was argued that things like inherited mental illnesses and other psychological issues were the causes of crime
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8/27/11 Psychological theories Psychological theories are similar to biological theories-both are looking for an explanation of crime within the individual Early psychologist argued that criminality was an inherited trait much like biological theories BUT psychological theories looks at the mind of the person rather than the biological traits/process
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8/27/11 Intelligence and Crime Sees crime and intelligence to be linked l low intelligence = crime When considering intelligence one should considers l The type of crime committed Not all criminals have low intelligence, some tend to be very intelligent (white collar crime)
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8/27/11 Intelligence and Crime In a 2001 study, Thompson concluded that the size of certain areas in the brain is controlled by genetics and the larger this area the more intelligent the person Edwin Sutherland (1931) l Review 350 studies on intelligence, delinquency, and criminality Criminal have similar intelligence to the general population
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8/27/11 Gordon(1976) and Hirschi and Hindelang (1977) l An eight point difference between delinquent and non-delinquents, but the difference is within a normal range
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8/27/11 Psychoanalytic Theories Psychoanalysis is a branch of psychology based on the theories of Sigmund Freud l Freud introduced the idea of the unconscious l He believed that individuals have urges, ideas, and desires that are repressed due to society l We all have criminal tendencies, however in
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Psychological Theories - Psychological theories 8/27/11...

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