Social Process Theories 2

Social Process Theories 2 - Click to edit Master subtitle...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/27/11 Social process continued 8/27/11 Goals for this lecture l DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY SOCIAL LEARNING 8/27/11 DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY EDWIN SUTHERLAND: A STUDENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO IN THE EARLY YEARS OF THE 1900S SUTHERLAND REACTING TO DOMINANT BIOLOGICAL APPROACH AT THE TIME l WROTE A CRIMINOLOGY TEXTBOOK IN 1924 IN WHICH HE ARGUES FOR A SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH Differential association theory was proposed as an explanation for individual criminal 8/27/11 Differential association theory has nine propositions 8/27/11 THE NINE PROPOSITIONS 1. Criminal behavior is learned 2. Criminal behavior is learned in interaction with others in a process of 8/27/11 THE NINE PROPOSITIONS 6. A person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favorable to violation of law over definitions unfavorable to violation of law 7. Differential associations may vary in frequency, duration, priority, and intensity 8/27/11 Differential Association theory 1. CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR IS LEARNED q IS CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR INHERITED? ARE THERE BIOLOGICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS FOR CRIME? q IS CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR LEARNED IN THE SAME WAY THAT ANY OTHER BEHAVIORS ARE LEARNED? 8/27/11 DIFFERENTIONAL ASSOCIATION THEORY 2. Criminal behavior is learned in interaction with others in a process of communication THE PROCESS: l SYMBOLIC INTERACTION INDIVIDUALS EXCHANGE MEANING AND SYMBOLS AND INCORPORATE THESE INTO THE CONCEPTION OF THEMSELVES (GESTURES AND VERBAL INTERACTIONS) 8/27/11 DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY 3 . THE PRINCIPAL PART OF THE LEARNING OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR OCCURS WITHIN INTIMATE PERSONAL GROUPS q HOW IMPORTANT ARE INTIMATE PERSONAL GROUPS? q CAN CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR BE LEARNED FROM OTHER GROUPS? 8/27/11 DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY 4. WHEN CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR IS LEARNED, THE LEARNING INCLUDES (A) TECHNIQUES OF COMMITTING THE CRIME, WHICH ARE SOMETIMES VERY COMPLICATED, SOMETIMES VERY SIMPLE, AND (B) THE SPECIFIC DIRECTION OF MOTIVES, DRIVES, RATIONALIZATIONS, AND ATTITUDES q WHAT ARE SOME TECHNIQUES OF COMMITTING CRIME?...
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2011 for the course CCJ 3024 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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Social Process Theories 2 - Click to edit Master subtitle...

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