Social Structure - 8/27/11 SOCIALSTRUCTURE THEORIES: 11

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8/27/11 SOCIAL STRUCTURE  THEORIES:  Social Disorganization,  Classic strain, and General Strain 11
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8/27/11 Goals of the lecture Social Structure Theories Social Disorganization theory  Classic Strain theory General Strain theory 22
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8/27/11 Sociological theories SOCIAL STRUCTURE VS SOCIAL PROCESS SOCIAL STRUCTURE : NEIGHBORHOODS,  FAMILIES, AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS SOCIAL PROCESS : IS CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR  LEARNED? HOW IS CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR  LEARNED/WHAT IS THE PROCESS OF  LEARNING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR? 33
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8/27/11 CHICAGO SCHOOL WHAT WAS CHICAGO LIKE DURING THAT  TIME GROWTH –1830– AN ESTIMATED 4000 PEOPLE  LIVING IN CHICAGO BY 1890-1 MILLION PEOPLE BY 1910-2 MILLION PEOPLE 44
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8/27/11 CHICAGO SCHOOL ALONG WITH POPULATION INCREASE IMMIGRATION –ETHNIC DIVERSITY INDUSTRIALIZATION URBANIZATION CITYWIDE PROBLEM –INDIVIDUAL  APPROACHES SEEN AS HAVING LIMITED  APPLICABILITY 55
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8/27/11 ROBERT PARK AND ERNEST BURGESS (1925) ATTEMPT TO EXPLAIN ECOLOGY (HUMAN  ENVIRONMENT) AND BEHAVIOR PARK –STUDIED IN GERMANY AND WAS  INFLUENCED BY CONFLICT SOCIOLOGISTS  AND PLANT ECOLOGISTS USED THE ANALOGY TO PLANT ECOLOGY TO  ACCOUNT FOR WHAT WAS HAPPENING IN  CHICAGO 66
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8/27/11 THE CONCENTRIC ZONE FIVE ZONES:  ZONE 1: CENTRAL BUSINESS Light manufacturing, retail trade and  commercial recreation ZONE 2: SURROUNDS THE CENTRAL  BUSINESS Zone of transition from residential to  business Low-income people—but some high-cost  77
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8/27/11 THE CONCENTRIC ZONE ZONE 3: WORKING CLASS HOMES Not as deteriorated as the zone of transition Workers who have the comfort and luxury of  the city ZONE 4: MIDDLE CLASS CITIZENS Professionals, management, clerical, and  owners of small business ZONE 5: COMMUTER ZONE 88
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8/27/11 The concentric zone model 99
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8/27/11 THE  ZONE OF TRANSITION  IS IMPORTANT INVASION OF BUSINESSES OUT OF CENTRAL  BUSINESS ZONE IMPACT ON LAND VALUES –MULTIPLE FAMILY  HOUSING LOW INCOME POPULATION ATTRACT NEW ARRIVALS 10
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8/27/11 WHY IS THE ZONE OF TRANSITION  IMPORTANT?  SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION POVERTY ETHNIC DIVERSITY RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY 11
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8/27/11 WHY???  INABILITY OF NEIGHBORHOOD TO  ORGANIZE LITTLE SOLIDARITY AMONG RESIDENTS LACK OF INFORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL 12
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8/27/11 CLIFFORD SHAW AND DAVID MCKAY CRIME WAS NOT ORIGINALLY THE DISCUSSION  FOR PARK AND BURGESS 13
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8/27/11 SHAW AND MCKAY FOCUSED SPECIFICALLY ON  CRIME THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COMMUNITY  (ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS) AND  DELINQUENCY RATE MAPS: PLOTTED THE LOCATION OF MALES  REPORTED TO JUVENILE COURT (HOW MANY  YOUTH PER 1000 IN A COMMUNITY) 14
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Social Structure - 8/27/11 SOCIALSTRUCTURE THEORIES: 11

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