What is Theory - Click to edit Master Theory and...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/27/11 Criminological Theory and Early Explanations for crime
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8/27/11 GOALS OF THE What is a theory? Early theoretical perspectives The Classical school The Positivist school Rational choice theory, Deterrence, and Routine Activities Programs and Policy Implications of theory Findings on rational choice theory,
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8/27/11 DISCUSSION WHAT IS A THEORY?
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8/27/11 What is theory? KUBRIN ET AL. (2009): A SYSTEMATIC WAY OF STATING OUR IDEAS ON THE HOW AND WHY OF SOCIAL PHENOMENA. AKERS AND SELLERS (2009): A THEORY IS A SET OF INTERCONNECTED STATEMENTS OR PROPOSITIONS THAT EXPLAIN HOW TWO OR MORE EVENTS ARE RELATED TO ONE ANOTHER. REID (2009):
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8/27/11 WHAT DOES A THEORY DO? THEORY EXPLAINS OR HELPS US TO UNDERSTAND WHY PEOPLE COMMIT CRIME OR WHY SOME PEOPLE COMMIT MORE CRIMES THAN OTHERS OR WHY SOME PEOPLE STOP AND OTHERS CONTINUE FOCUSES OUR ATTENTION ON IMPORTANT CONCEPTS AND VARIABLES HELP GUIDES RESEARCH
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8/27/11 COMPONENTS OF A 1. Concept 2. Assumptions 3. Hypothesis 4. Operational definition 5. Scope 6. Applicability
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8/27/11 COMPONENTS OF A 1. CONCEPTS a. “a mental image that summarizes a set of similar observations, feelings, or ideas” b. “the building blocks of theory” Example 1: Social Disorganization theory:
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8/27/11 COMPONENTS OF A THEORY 2. ASSUMPTIONS Example 1: Rational Choice theory Assumption: people’s behavior is influenced by calculating the cost and benefit of their actions
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8/27/11 COMPONENTS OF A 3. OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS: “the procedure for actually measuring the concept we intend to measure— identifying the value of a variable for each case”
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COMPONENTS OF A CLASS DISCUSSION How would you operationalize/measure these concepts? Parental attachment
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What is Theory - Click to edit Master Theory and...

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