The Criminal Justice System

The Criminal Justice System - THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/27/11 THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
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8/27/11 GOALS OF THE NEXT LECTURES 1. HISTORY OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 1. GOALS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 1. THE COMPONENTS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 1. POLICE 2. COURTS 3. CORRECTION
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8/27/11 DIFFERENT PARTS OF WHAT WE NOW CALL THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM WERE DEVELOPED AT DIFFERENT TIMES. FORMAL COURTS FORMED EARLIER THAN OTHER ASPECTS OF CJ SYSTEM FORMAL POLICE FORCE IS PROBABLY MOST RECENT PART, UNLESS YOU CONSIDER JUVENILE JUSTICE AS PART OF THE CJ SYSTEM
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8/27/11 ALTHOUGH THESE PARTS WERE INTERDEPENDENT TO SOME EXTENT, WE DID NOT THINK OF THEM AS AN INTEGRATED ‘SYSTEM’ UNTIL THE MIDDLE OF THE LAST CENTURY. ACCORDING TO LARRY SIEGEL, THE MODERN ERA OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE CAN BE TRACED TO RESEARCH PROJECTS INITIATED IN THE 1950’S BY THE AMERICAN BAR FOUNDATION
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8/27/11 COMPONENTS OF THE CRIMINAL 1. LEGISLATURE –DEFINES THE LAW BY DETERMINING WHAT CONDUCT IS PROHIBITED AND ESTABLISHES PUNISHMENT . APPROPRIATES MONEY TO RUN THE SYSTEM. 1. JUDICIAL (HIGHER COURTS) –INTERPRETS EXISTING LAW AND DETERMINES CONSTITUTIONALITY (IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONSTITUTION). 1. LAW ENFORCEMENT –INVESTIGATES POTENTIAL CRIMES AND APPREHENDS SUSPECTS.
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8/27/11 COMPONENTS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 4. COURTS –CHARGES, INDICTS, TRIES AND SENTENCES OFFENDERS. 5. CORRECTIONS –CARRIES OUT SENTENCES BY INCAPACITATING OFFENDERS AND MAY ATTEMPT TO TREAT AND REHABILITATE THEM 6. PREVENTION –PART OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM???
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8/27/11 THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS PRE-ARREST: THE OFFENSE IS REPORTED OR DETECTED INVESTIGATION
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8/27/11 THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS 1. ARREST Are made by the police but also private citizens 2. INITIAL CONTACT AND BOOKING For certain crimes only a citation is given to the offender (Ex: prostitution and speeding)
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The Criminal Justice System - THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM...

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