Soc 152A Midterm #1 Study Guide

Soc 152A Midterm #1 Study Guide - SOC 152A Midterm #1 Study...

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SOC 152A Midterm #1 Study Guide Chapter 5-Attraction, Sexual Arousal and Response Sexual Arousal Has Many Roots Fantasy-an imagined experience, sexual or otherwise Men engage in sexual fantasy more than women Context of sexual fantasies varies greatly There are some gender differences in content of fantasies o The only behavior that women fantasized more than men was getting married o Men are more adventurous in their fantasies o Women fantasize about activities that they had never engaged in Gay/lesbian fantasies are similar to straight fantasies Men and women fantasies tend to be consistent with stereotypes about male and female sexuality. o Ex. Male fantasies involve taking a dominant role in sex acts. Women fantasize about taking the passive role People who enjoy sexual fantasies without feelings of guilt have a more satisfying sex life o Its not unhealthy for a woman to have sexual fantasies about engaging in rape because the woman is “running the show” and can end it when she wants. Arousal occurs in response to a partner o Men and women aroused by looking at partner’s face o Arousal increases as flirting, sexual negotiations and sexual contact occurs o Men are aroused (psycholoigcally and genitally) by erotic images associated with their sexual orientation Sexual arousal is influenced by other forms of arousal
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o Misattribution of arousal-the tendency of nonsexual arousal to cause arousal (ex. Roller caoster) Not entirely conclusive though Hormones influence sexual arousability o Do biological factors influence sexual arousal? Testosterone has no short-term influence on arousal in men or women-despite popular belief Sexual activity triggers testosterone increase, but high testosterone does not trigger a desire for sexual activity o Testosterone does influence arousability in adult men Man can be Hypogondal-producing insufficient levels of sex hormones (decreases their sexual desire/activity) Aphrodisiacs: substances intended to improve one’s own sexual desire, sexual performance, or sexual pleasure. o Conditioning may influence arousal Classical/pavlovian conditioning-a form of learning in which a novel stimulus is linked with a pre-existing reflex Ex. When a dog eats it salivates (unconditioned relfex)- training a dog to associate food with the ringing bell, the dog will begin to salivate when it hears the bell (conditioned reflex) Used to explain development of fetishes/unusual sexual behavior Chapter 6- Sexual Behavior Masturbation Sexual self stimulation (although sometimes referred to include manual stimulation of a partner’s genitals) There are many different (many negative) attitudes towards masturbation o Demographic factors influence masturbation
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Women masturbate less than men Older people masturbate less than younger people African american masturbate less than other groups Christians masturbate less than non christian and other
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Soc 152A Midterm #1 Study Guide - SOC 152A Midterm #1 Study...

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