Soc 152A FInal Study Guide

Soc 152A FInal Study Guide - SOC 152A Final Study Guide...

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SOC 152A Final Study Guide Sociology Sex and gender behavior=scripted behavior Each society provides lines, scripts, roles which people learn for doing sex, gender and all other social behaviors Scripts can vary from different locations and between subcultures Anthro data, different societies have different social behaviors o Chinese more permissive o Indians-arranged marriages by parents o Muslim countries-covered by clothing, honor based on female display of honesty o Kukuku (New Guinea highlands)-think sperm is essence of masculinity, therefore to gain masculinity young men ingest sperm via homosexual oral sex For and Beech did a cross cultural comparison o Found that 64% of societies permitted homosexuality and considered it normal All scripts feel natural and normal in the societies that use them. Therefore, there is a danger in thinking that the things that feel right or normal to you are right or the only ones ethically acceptable. Infibulation o done in parts of North Africa and Middle East o Cutting of parts of female’s external genitals o Done with out anesthesia o Sew the remaining tissue together to create 1 small hole for urination and menstruation o Try to make hole as tiny as possible o Infibulation helps to ensure girl’s virginity
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o After marriage it helps decrease her sexual interest, reducing infidelity Clitorectomy o An age old tradition in Egypt and other nations o Equivalent to circumcision in men (cutting of glans and shaft) o The UN Declaration of Human Rights Not all values are OK or culturally relative E.g. torture, mutilation, slavery Everyone should have human rights Infant mortality is much greater when mothers are cut (via clitorectormy or infibulation) Values are culturally bound from society to society Values change with in a society from time to time o Eg #1: only penis/vagina sex for procreation is natural Old belief Making homosexuality and masturbation wrong Roman Catholic Church: Vatican Declaration on Sexual Ethics 1975 (still upheld) “masturbation is an intrinsically and seriously disordered act” 2 main criticisms of old view (that only p/v sex for procreation is natural) 1. Anthropology: in naturally occuring tribes, 64% consider homosexuality natural and normal 2. Biology: animals in natural environments use sexual interactions for many things, (fun, friendliness, territorial displays, dominance), that have nothing to do with procreation modern American values=big change from old views
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society should stay out of the bedroom what is done by consenting adults in the privacy of their bedroom is no one else’s business as long as its not hurting anyone in 2003 the US Suprme Court struck down Texas anti-sodomy law justice Anthony Kennedy said gays are entitled to respect for their private lives gay marriages are legal in several places o Eg. #2: contraception (birthcontrol) Birth control forbidden in USA in early 1900s
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Soc 152A FInal Study Guide - SOC 152A Final Study Guide...

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