Psych 119 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE

Psych 119 MIDTERM - PSYCHOLOGY 119 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Social Norms • A cognitive representation of thoughts feelings or behaviors that people in

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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY 119 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Social Norms • A cognitive representation of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that people in a group share and accept as correct and appropriate in a given situation • We represent norms internally/mentally which we act on • A norm is shared (different from an Attitude because it is possible to have an Attitude that no one else shares) • There are some norms that appear to be universal (ex. Obligation when someone has done something for you) o Descriptive Norms What most people, do, think, feel in a given situation What the majority of people are doing “is” norms o Injunctive Norms What most people approve or disapprove of people doing, thinking, feeling in a given situation Things that you should and shouldn’t do. What is acceptable in our society (ex. Manners and stop signs) “ought” norms o both norms have similar qualities; have to do with the way things are and the way things should be o as more people think, feel, behave a certain way, those actions become more “acceptable” and “appropriate” o the more “acceptable” and “appropriate” thoughts, feelings, and actions are, the more likely people are to do them o repeated behaviors (descriptive norms) turn into behaviors governed by injunctive norms o descriptive norms become injunctive norms ex. Study where participants are put into 3-person groups and asked to make a color choice if all 3 participants choose the same color they get “points” participant 1 and participant 2 have fixed choices (choose the same color) played either 2 or 10 rounds participant 3 was offered money to deviate on last round if played 9 rounds, the 3 rd participants refused to deviate even though they could have made money the descriptive norm became injunctive norm-what the 3 rd participant must do Public and Private Conformity • Conformity o Convergence of an individual’s thoughts, feelings or behaviors toward social norms o Is a form of social influence—information about other people’s thoughts, feelings and behavior changes individual thoughts, feelings and behavior. o Conformity shows the power of social input • Social Input o Learning what other people think, feel, do o Power of social input example: Asch study Participants completed a line matching task 7 confederates made similar public judgements before participants Confederates gave correct responses and then unanimously disagreed on 12 trials Dependent Variables: the participants’ conformity and reactions to norm Results: people tended to differ from the group at first and then conformed Even a single other piece of social input (1 confederate) made some difference. But a “consensus” or “norm” significantly increased conformity Once the consensus or norm is recognized, adding to it makes less and less difference Almost all the participants felt nervous, anxious or uncomfortable Many felt the group was wong, but they just went along just to get...
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course PYSCH 119 taught by Professor Mackey during the Fall '10 term at UCSB.

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Psych 119 MIDTERM - PSYCHOLOGY 119 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Social Norms • A cognitive representation of thoughts feelings or behaviors that people in

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