Psych 143 Final Study Guide

Psych 143 Final Study Guide - Psych 143 Final Study Guide...

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Unformatted text preview: Psych 143 Final Study Guide Sample Questions: 1. Very young children within industrialized countries typically show a fear of: Answer: spiders 2. Which of these processes are characterizied by privileged learning among very young children a. Appearance of mother b. Appearance of father c. Speech d. All of the above 3. What is the most common reason to abandon/abort an infant? a. severe medical problems that wil require medical help b. condition that will always make the child aberrant/abnormal looking c. cognitive defecit d. non-preferred gender 4. In the study by Melenhorst and colleges, what motivates someone young or old to use a new technology such as email? a. Having previous experience using email to fully appreciate using it as a form of communication. b. The perception of having benefits in using email makes the difference whether some uses email to communicate. c. The amount of time and effort put into understanding something new will motivate someone to use it. d. You want to keep up with all things new and cool and not be so outdated. Lecture 1: Contemporay issues across the life course: bio-social-cognitive approach How do humans successfully cope with problems across the life course? o 1. General Learning Theory: reinforcement theory=blank slate model has been very popular in the US (compared with Europe) yields that anybody can be anything-infinite possibilities as to what you can be it means you can control things and can make life a better place most people in the US (66%) believe that people are poor because they are lazy compared to 25% of Europeans 60% of europeans believe people are poor because they are trapped/have no control while only 29% of Americans believe poor people are trapped. US tend to believe in General Learning Theory, where you have control over your situation, as we are all blank slates people have different perspectives of others situations o 2. Challenges to General Learning Theory recognizing faces General Learning Theory claims that we learn what other people look like with repeated experience However, some processes appear to be unlearned/hardwired Factory equipped knowledge or responses (valuable in evolutionary past but not necessarily in present time) Privileged learning-some processes learned with exceptional ease Appearance of essential kin Spoken word Knowledge of essential for identifying/locating food and water Some processes are hard to learn Reading (humans have only been reading for about 4,000 years) Some responses cant be learned (or unlearned) sexual attraction attraction based on sexual orientation (lack of) attraction to close kin o 3. Shits away from general learning theory shift to concern with social learning Bandura: social learning theory-learn by observation Different ways of responding in different kinds of social relationships Exchange vs. communal o 4. Domain-specific approaches to social relationships (evolutionary 4....
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Psych 143 Final Study Guide - Psych 143 Final Study Guide...

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