SOC 154A Final Review Sheet

SOC 154A Final Review Sheet - Final Review Sheet for Final...

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Final Review Sheet for Final Exam, Sociology 154A Chapter 6: Meshing the Worlds of Work and Family Division of household labor: relative contributions of men and women; explanations for; outcomes of unequal/equal division of labor; leisure gap; second shift o Paid labor o House work Daily care of the household done primarily by women. However men and women’s amount of hours devoted to housework has become more similar Tendency for men and women to do different kinds of household work Women in charge of care housework (cooking, cleaning, done every day) men in charge of other housework (outdoor charges, maintenance-only once a week or so) o Child Care o The “Stalled Revolution” Women have increased time spend in paid labor, but men have not been so quick to increase their time in household labor o Explanations for household division of labor 1. Time availability: women’s greater housework time is the result of the lower investment in paid labor true: there is an association false: trade off is different for men and women. She picks up much of the extra work of children 2. Relative resources: housework is something individuals try and “buy” their way out of (person with higher education/job status able to get out of doing housework) true: the more similar wages of men and women, the more equal division of labor false: even when equal, does not mean equal 3. Ideology: men and women believe that women should do more housework true: there is an association false: strange association between his attitudes and division of labor; egalitarian couples often don’t share 4. “Doing Gender”: behavior consistent with normative conceptions of attitudes and activities appropriate for one’s sex category. Ex. women want hosuehold to be cleaner true: those who share are more likely to view housework as “family work” false: other explanations also help to explain, difficult to test o Managing the “Second Shift” Construction of family “myths” Construction of family “festishes”-things that come to be symbolic of something larger (ex. men taking care of dog to contribute to household duties
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Marital well-being Perceptions of “fairness” related to marital outcomes Women’s martial satisfaction enhanced when partner does fair share The more men do, the unhappier they are Connectionb etween shared housework and sex Trends in labor force participation of men and women; women with kids—why more women are working for pay outside the home o Increasing labor force participation of women. This is true across all racial classifications (less so amongst hispanic women) o Labor participation rates of men and women are becoming increasingly similar over time Changes in household labor over time – both housework and childcare Aspiration/hopes vs. expectation of the young women and men in Gerson’s article (and what is ‘plan B’) Chapter 9: Parents and Children
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SOC 154A Final Review Sheet - Final Review Sheet for Final...

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