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Psychology 102 Final Study Guide

Psychology 102 Final Study Guide - Psychology 102 Final...

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Psychology 102 Final Study Guide Social Cognition : forming maps about the processes taking place in the “invisible box” (the brain) Impression Formation: the way we represent knowledge of other people in our memory. Srull Study: (example of social cognitive approach) o Told subjects they were going to meet a person to interact with (gave them an expectation) o Before meeting the other person, they tell the subject what the person (ex. Bob) is like. o They pick certain traits (ex. Honest) and present certain behaviors performed by the other person o The type of behaviors listed vary: The majority of the behaviors are consistent/congruent with the trait (ex. Honest behaviors). They list irrelevant behaviors (ones that have nothing to do with the trait given) Then they list inconsistent behaviors (ex. Bob robbed a bank) o We can usually take a little inconsistency because no one is 100% a certain trait (we will still believe Bob is honest even if there is dishonest behaviors listed) o Independent Variable: number of different behaviors listed that are consistent, irrelevant or inconsistent. o Dependent Variable: surprise recall test-tell the subjects to list as many of the 20 behaviors given o Results: people remembered the inconsistent behaviors the best. The second best recall was consistent behaviors and then irrelevant. o We don’t like inconsistencies, we try to make sense of them. o Inconsistency Resolution : Memory is divided into long term and short term There is a limited capacity in STM of about 5-7 items, lasting 30 seconds.
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How much information can you hold in LTM? Answer: a whole lot STM is sometimes equated with conscious awareness As each of the listed behaviors is presented it goes into short term memory. There’s some chance that it will go into LTM When an inconsistent behavior enters STM, you try to make sense of it. You try to resolve the inconsistency by calling back from memory to see if there’s a pattern and if there’s something you already know that may be consistent with the inconsistency When 2 things are thought about simultaneously they are usually linked together. We form networks of associations in memory. So when you remember one item, others come to mind In LTM we have a list of things that we remember You also have links about the behaviors you remember about Bob. The inconsistencies are linked to each other and to other inconsistencies. # of links 1. Incongruent (3 paths) 2. Congruent (2 paths) 3. Inconsistent (1 path) the more paths, the better recall. Inconsistents have more paths/ ways to find them Klein model (incorrect): when you encounter something irrelevant, you don’t pay much attention to it. When its inconsistent you build a super highway. Its not the number of links, it’s the strength/thickness of the path. Converging evidence/converging operations: there’s always
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Psychology 102 Final Study Guide - Psychology 102 Final...

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