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Global Studies 1 Reading Notes

Global Studies 1 Reading Notes - Global Studies 1 Reading...

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Global Studies 1: Reading Notes Guide Week 1: 1. “A Short History of Humanity by William H. McNeill *Importance of language *Discusses how humans have developed over time o Humans were the only species to ever spontaneously invent a way of expressing themselves with rhythmic voicing and dance (founding of language). o Development of tools, military technology and writing as a means of assisting in cultural advancements. 2. “Introduction To Europe and the People Without History” by Eric J. Wolf o Discusses the terms nation, society and culture. Describes how the world has become “one world”; New York has suffered from Hong Kong flu; Jamaicans migrate to London, etc. The world has become one big global society and what happens in once place in the world can affect people across the planet. Wolf claims that the world is a whole of interconnectedness/processes. The problem is that the world has been separated into different parts such as “nations” or culture” o We have a tendency to take various cultures and societies and turn them into labeled disconnected parts. Label the West, East and Third World (good and bad labels). We have to refrain from this labeling to further comprehend the connectedness of various cultures around the world. 3. “In the Center of the Map” by Marshall G. S. Hodgson o Every country believes they should be in the center of the map o 16 th century Matteo Ricci brought a map of the world made by Europeans to China. The map showed the new discovery of America. The Chinese did not like how they were located on the right-hand edge of the map that thought they were the most important and should be located in the middle. “Middle Kingdom”.
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They believed China was the wealthiest, most populous and most powerful place on earth. We are taught history in a bias way. Just like in history, we put ourselves at the center. In maps we center ourselves. Mercantor projection : map where U.S. and Europe look bigger. 4. “Introduction” by Giles Gunn o Provides an overview of globalization (where/how it started, importance, advantages/disadvantages) o hyperglobalist: believe the world is on big transforming place and that globalization can be predicted. Globalization does exist. Economics is the driving force behind globalization. Power isn’t broken up into countries its broken into economies. o Skeptics: globalization has not happened yet. World has been broken up into regional blocks. Believe divisions will increase among nations, still trading among each other (interdependent), more and more divisions because of the different ideologies. o Transformationalist: globalization, its happening its social, political, economical, cultural (but we cannot predict it) 5. “Introduction” by David Held o “Globalization Debate”-whether or not globalization is happening. o
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Global Studies 1 Reading Notes - Global Studies 1 Reading...

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