Global Studies Midterm Study Guide

Global Studies Midterm Study Guide - Global Studies Midterm...

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Unformatted text preview: Global Studies Midterm Study Guide Week 1: Lecture 1 Thinking Globally About History Purpose of the Course: to show how the world has been woven into an interlinked system of processes, relationships and changes over the last 4,000 years o To explore ways this has worked on different levels of experience: personal, familial, sexual, social, regional, political, historical, etc o To demonstrate that such understanding requires thinking outside the box o Necessitates seeing perspectives from other view points History: not a record of what happened, most of what happened we may never know. History is a record of what we remember, guess, speculate, deduce, or imagine happened o 5 selective principles o 1. Conceptualization: what history includes/excludes o 2. Causation: how history develops, proceeds o 3. Periodization: how history is organized/told o 4. Impacts: what difference history makes, consequences, intended and unintended o 5. Trajectories: where is history going? Taking us? Creating? *it takes a narrative/story designed to make sense out of the past Culture: is an imaginative universe-composed of webs/systems of felt meaning in which we are suspeneded and by which we make sense of and thus interpret emotionall and conceptually. Everything: experiences, people practices, ideas, etc is what makes up culture o why do we need culture? o Other animals are equipped with all the information they need to interact successfully with the outside world o Human beings, to survive, need additional sources of information and the proper motivation o What cultural systems provide: o Models, blueprints, schemes, maps of the world o Prompts, motivations, techniques for how to act in the world o How culture works: culture is socially transmittted, intra-generationally produced; about how to live, evaluate, and act effectively in ones enviornment Ideology: one kind of cultural system o Refers to ideas, beliefs, passions, values, worldviews, religions, etc that determine group behavior and feeling. o Often operate beneath level of conscious thought o Often linked to the process of justifying and rationalizing ideas o Why do we need ideaology? o Usually generated in response to the loss of socio-political orientation o Need simple, self-justifying explanations o Provide new maps of a social and political order o Big ideology: o Marxism o Democracy o Liberalism o Capitalism o Som o Communism o Little ideology: o america is the best country, spending is better than saving, Kill all americans, Thin is better than plump o general changes from 1900-2000 o population of the world has trippled lifespand has lengthened in industrial countires o agricultural advances-shift from 90% rural to 50%, leading to explosion of urban populations. Cities cant keep up with the growth of people o structural sociopolitical changes (1900-2000) o demographic continental shift of people o territorial-in 1900 80% of the worlds population was colonized during...
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GLOBAL 1 taught by Professor Gunn during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Global Studies Midterm Study Guide - Global Studies Midterm...

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