Global Studies Reading Notes Final

Global Studies Reading Notes Final - Mimi Huggins December...

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Mimi Huggins December 3, 2009 Global Studies 1 T. A.: Haley Wrinkle Global Studies 1: Reading Notes #2 Eric Hobsbawm, “The Age of Total War” Lecture #10 In his article, Eric Hobsbawn argues that WW1 and WWII were the first wars that were truly global. Hobsbawn explains how the 20 th century was influenced by the two world wars. For the first time, a great amount of nations and citizens were involved in war. The world wars were not fought primarily on designated battlefields but rather in cities and towns, affecting the citizens that lived in them. Hobsbawn explains the important role that technology played in both wars. Technological advancements such as submarines, tanks and poison gas changed the way the wars were fought. Hobsbawm’s article supports Professor Gunn’s point in lecture about the first world wars in the 20 th and 21 st centuries. Gunn discusses how WW1 was no longer confined to a battlefield and there was a total energy of citizens of all nations involved. WW1, also known as the “War of Attrition”, destroyed seven empires. This shows how global this First World War was. It affected all the nations involved, killing 6.8 million civilians. In WW2, the idea of genocide created a new type of warfare. The Holocaust exterminated a mass amount of people “from the face of the earth as punishment for being born”. The rest of the world watched in terror and indifference. The drop of the atom bomb in Hiroshima and
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Nagasaki killed at least 350,000 civilians. By the end of WW2 there was a new global meaning to war. This is the phenomenon that Hobsbawn discusses in his article. Frantz Fanon, “Concerning Violence” Lecture #11 In his article, “Concerning Violence”, Frantz Fanon discusses the colonization of Africa from a personal perspective. During the 1950’s, 60’s and 70’s there was a big political movement of independence and decolonization. Fanon writes about the psychology of people who are colonized. He describes the people who are colonized as meager, living in poor conditions. The European colonizers are rich, living in luxury. People who were colonized were “demonized”. They were thought of as evil. Violence was justified during colonization by calling the native people evil. Fanon argues that decolonization is always a violent phenomenon. Violence is necessary during decolonization because colonizers were violent to begin with, thus colonization is not going to end peacefully. This relates to Memmi’s article. Memmi argues that the only two ways to respond to colonization is to mimic the colonizers or revolt the colonizers. However, mimicking the colonizers doesn’t work because of racism; assimilation is impossible. Memmi concludes that violence is the only solution to colonization. Both Memmi and Fanon’s articles relate to each other because they are both discussing colonization from a first hand perspective and both agree that violence is the only answer to colonization. Karl Marx, “The Communist Manifesto” Lecture #12
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GLOBAL 1 taught by Professor Gunn during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Global Studies Reading Notes Final - Mimi Huggins December...

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