History 2C Study Guide

History 2C Study Guide - 1. Compare African, Chinese and...

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1. Compare African, Chinese and Japanese responses to Western intrusion. To what extent did each culture stay true to its traditional ways of doing things? How did this change over time? *African responses to western intrusion: as europeans arrived by sea, African often welcome them, they appealed to their visitor’s technology and goods. Soon it was evident that the Europeans were coming to Africa primarily for slaves. The Atlantic slave trade’s impact on Africa varied from place to place. The coastal areas where the commerce was conducted, and nearby lands where the slaves were captured. Traditional trade patterns were disrupted or destoryed, replaced by exploitative systems that typically favored those who trafficked in slaves. Historic states and kingdoms were weakened and undermined. The Atlantic slave trade disrupted the family life and traditional gender balance. African socities were transformed, with power and wealth going mostly to those Africans who sold other Africans into bondage. It was merely impossible for Africans to stay true to their traditional culture with the many forced changes on their society. Eventually, as the slave trade ended the population grew back and things were somewhat restored. The Africans were so vulnerable to western intrusion that they had say or optional response to the things that were being enforced onto them. *Chinese responses to western intrusion: Chinese had been the major world power, they were able to fight off western intrusion. They didn’t want anything to do with the western culture, ideology and technology. Several times, westerners attempted to come in an show off their technology and goods. This never worked. Unlike Africa, the chinese weren’t interested in the European goods; their civilization was fine the way it was. They had everything they needed. Because of the opium war and other internal conflicts within China, the westerners were able to squeeze their way into opening trade with China. The Chinese were upset about how the Europeans were able to “get in”-they worked to modernize its industry and military in a series of efforts that came to be called “self- strengthening”. *Japanese response to western intrusion:Japan adapted many Western ways to fit its East Asian society. The government built railways, textiles mills, factories, and mines. Established Western-type constitution, education. Culturally, the Japanese imitated
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western forms of dress, dining, architecture, blending them with traditional Japanese styles. With western “intrusion” Japanese were able to effectively blend their own culture with the advancement of western ideas. *Africans were the most influenced by western intrustion: they had little forms of official government, no military or established culture. Africa was divided into tribes and clans with different langues and identities. The chinese and Japanese however resisted western rule alittle more. They didn’t rely on western goods/technology because the were
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course HISTORY 2C taught by Professor Marcuse during the Fall '09 term at UCSB.

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History 2C Study Guide - 1. Compare African, Chinese and...

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