04-Europe-2(GEOG142) - EUROPE II (CHAPTER 1: 38-95)...

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    EUROPE II (CHAPTER 1: 38-95)
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    European Regions Western Europe The British Isles Nordic Europe Mediterranean Europe Eastern Europe
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    Western Europe: Germany Germany of the past The Federal Republic Germany Today
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    Germany-Population Capital City-Berlin 1990 Unification of East and West 81.9 million people-Europe’s most populous 7 million foreigners 2 million Turkish Refugees from eastern Europe
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    Germany-Regions 16 Lander (Land) 3 Lander are cities Berlin, Hamburg & Bremen 6 Lander are in the East Largest territorially is Bavaria Hesse-Frankfort the financial, industrial and air hub for  the country (highest GDP region)
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    Germany-Economy Industrial Less productive east Transportation system second to none Produces-iron, steel, chemical, motor vehicles, textiles,  machinery and farm products  but doesn’t produce petroleum La rg e  c o ns um e r m a rke t O rig ina l c o m m o n m a rke t m e m b e r Ma jo r po rt is  Ro tte rda m  in Ne the rla nds
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    Germany-Economic Problems 1970’s Oil crisis hurt economy High tax economy Reunification with the East 1990 Helmut Kohl Unproductive East economy and terrible  environmental problems 1998 the east represented only 5% of the country’s  exports
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    Germany-WWII After the War divided East and West Silesia became part of Poland Much diminished resource base 1949-1964 GNP tripled
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    France Role in Europe Paris
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    France 80 small subdivisions increased to 96 New national framework of 22 provinces National population 59.9 million Paris the capital and largest city 9.6 million Paris Lyon the second largest at 1.4 million
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    France-Economy No good ports Channel Tunnel opened in 1994 High speed trains, aircraft, fiber-optics, space  technology and nuclear power 75% of electric power-reduces dependence on oil Wines, cheese and specialty farm products
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    France-Colonialism Colonies from Algeria to Madagascar West Africa to the South Pacific & French  Guiana Currently 3 million immigrants from former  colonies
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    Benelux Countries Be lgium Ne therlands Lux embourg  
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    Belgium BeNeLux Low Countries economic union BeNeLux Countries 26.6 million people-dense population  in an area the size of Maine Brussels, Belgium-capital Brussels is the co-capital of the E.U. with Strasbourg,  France Charleroi and Liege coal & heavy industry   “  to Brussels to port of Antwerp-industrial chemicals,  metals, furniture, pianos, soaps and cutlery
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    Netherlands Amsterdam is the constitutional capital Rotterdam is Europe’s busiest port Large agricultural base Major port-Rotterdam(Rhine & Meuse R) Reclaim /drain land from the sea (polders) The Hague-seat of the Dutch government and the  home of the U.N.’s World Court
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GEOG 142 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Mott Community College.

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04-Europe-2(GEOG142) - EUROPE II (CHAPTER 1: 38-95)...

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