07-Russia-2(GEOG142) - RUSSIA II (CHAPTER 2: 96-133)...

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Unformatted text preview: RUSSIA II (CHAPTER 2: 96-133) Russian Political Evolution • Czars • Bolsheviks • Communists/Soviets • Russian Federation/Federalist Government POLITICAL FRAMEWORK • SOVIET LEGACY – Revolution (1905-1917) – Bolsheviks versus Mensheviks – V.I. Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) – Capital: Petrograd to Moscow (1918) • FEDERATION/FEDERAL STRUCTURE – USSR (Union of Soviet Sot Republics) -1924 – SSRs , ASSRs , Autonomous Regions • RUSSIFICATION SOVIET UNION p.111 COMMAND ECONOMY • An economy in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state and in which central planning of the structure and the output prevails • Features of the Soviet economy – Production of particular manufactured goods to particular places – Economic interdependence of the republics ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK • CENTRALLY PLANNED (early 1920s) – MAJOR OBJECTIVES • Speed industrialization • Collectivize agriculture • KEY MECHANISMS – GOSPLAN Soviet central planning agency – SOVKHOZ (1920-30s) Collectivized farming – KOLKHOZ (1939) smaller scale collective farm • Czarism (<1917) • Lenin • Stalin • Kruschev • Breshnev • Gorbachev SOVIET LEADERS Lenin (1918 - 1927) • Introduced Marxist philosophy • Replaced private with public ownership • Developed national economic plans • Established Soviet political structure based on ethnic identities SOVIET LEADERS Stalin (1927 - 1953)...
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GEOG 142 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Mott Community College.

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07-Russia-2(GEOG142) - RUSSIA II (CHAPTER 2: 96-133)...

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