11-MidAmerica-1(GEOG142)

11-MidAmerica-1(GEOG142) - MIDDLE AMERICA I (chapter 4:...

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MIDDLE AMERICA I (chapter 4: 184-221)
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INTRODUCTION TO MIDDLE AMERICA DEFINING THE REALM Fragmented discontinuous area - MEXICO, CENTRAL AMERICA, CARIBBEAN ISLANDS
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INTRODUCTION TO MIDDLE AMERICA MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES The landmass that connects north and south America while separating the Atlantic and Pacific Intense cultural and political fragmentation Complex cultural geography African influences in the Caribbean Islands Spanish and Amerindian influence the mainland America’s least developed territories New economic opportunities are helping to alleviate its endemic poverty Mexico dominates the realm from the standpoint of economics (NAFTA), population and geographic area
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REGIONS OF MIDDLE AMERICA Mexico Central America Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles
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MIDDLE AMERICA p. 187
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PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY LAND BRIDGE-isthmus of Panama ARCHIPELAGO GREATER AND LESSER ANTILLES NATURAL HAZARDS EARTHQUAKES VOLCANOES HURRICANES I wonde r why?
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WORLD TECTONIC PLATES
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PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Cocos plate from the SW collided with and plunged below the Caribbean plate thereby elevating the Middle American “land bridge” Land Bridges only last short periods of time and then disappear-often sea level rises Land Bridges allow people and animals to cross Archipelago (Island Chain)-7000 plus islands Numerous active volcanoes-Martinique & Montserrat Hurricane Mitch in 1998
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DISTRIBUTION OF EARTHQUAKES & VOLCANOES
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WORLD HURRICANE TRACKS
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SOURCE AREAS from which radiated ideas, innovations, and ideologies that changed the world beyond. MA Hearths
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11-MidAmerica-1(GEOG142) - MIDDLE AMERICA I (chapter 4:...

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