12-MidAmerica-2(GEOG142)

12-MidAmerica-2(GEOG142) - MIDDLE AMERICA II (CHAPTER 4:...

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Unformatted text preview: MIDDLE AMERICA II (CHAPTER 4: 184-221) Caribbean Region 33 Island Nations Poverty, disease (AIDS), resource economies, high birth rates Amerindians wiped out while Africans laborers brought in as indentured servants Sugar plantations competed with larger more profitable tropical plantations from elsewhere to serve the European market Decline of the sugar plantation caused emigration to New York City and Britain Poverty prevails to this day Cuba & Puerto Rico CUBA-Largest Caribbean Island Formerly supported by the Soviet Union Embargo by the USA introduced in 1962 Major sugar and mineral resources Puerto Rico-USA Commonwealth 60% below poverty line Corporate headquarters 1993 & 1998 referendums for statehood failed THE PUERTO RICAN MODEL One of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region Industry has surpassed agriculture as the dominant sector of economic activity. Encouraged by duty free access to the US by tax incentives (US firms have heavily invested in Puerto Rico since the 1950s) Caribbean Region Plantation diversification to bananas and coffee in the Greater Antilles Haiti-agr overuse, deforestation=poverty 95% black, 5% mulatto Lesser Antilles began to grow bananas, limes, spices, cotton and growth in tourism Most crops are raised for export/share crops Caribbean Economic Resources Jamaica- Bauxite & tourism Trinidad & Tobago-Natural gas Leading exporter of ammonia & methane Steel & aluminum manufacturing Dominican Republic-fastest growing Middle American economy between 95-00 Low cost high tech labor Caribbean Tourism 20 million tourists annually 50% come from Florida based cruise lines Invasion of tourist exacerbates the contrast of affluence with local poverty Gleaming hotels & cruise ships vs poverty Caribbean Regional Cooperation Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) former British colonies Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI)-1983 U.S. tax breaks after Grenada Association of Caribbean States (ACS)-1994 16 island states-promote common economic interests, now 25 members, English and Spanish speaking colonies including Caribbean & mainland states except Panama Advantages shifted to Mexico with NAFTA-1994 Mexico Capital Mexico City-27m largest urban ctr...
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GEOG 142 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Mott Community College.

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12-MidAmerica-2(GEOG142) - MIDDLE AMERICA II (CHAPTER 4:...

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