17-NAfrica-SWAsia-1(GEOG142)

17-NAfrica-SWAsia-1(GEOG142) - NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST...

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SOUTHWEST ASIA (CHAPTER 7: 318-371)
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Major Geographic Qualities Major Geographic Qualities Location of Great Civilizations Drought or unreliable water resources Enormous reserves of oil Volatile transitional zones Population centers are near water resources Middle East/Israel conflict is at the center of the Realm
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EARLY CULTURE HEARTHS
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PIVOTAL LOCATION
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SUBREGIONS OF THE REALM
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GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REALM Physical ARIDITY OIL Cultural CULTURE HEARTHS WORLD RELIGIONS CONFLICT
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NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA Population Discontinuous clusters around infrequent water sources Regional Imbalances Oil and Non-oil states (“haves” versus “have-nots”) Political Geography Fragmented due to colonial experience
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NAMING THE REALM POPULAR LABELS DRY WORLD ARAB WORLD WORLD OF ISLAM (MUSLIM WORLD) MIDDLE EAST
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THE DRY WORLD ? Dry/arid climate prevails throughout the realm Exceptions: Peripheral regions of Turkey Northwestern section of Iran Oases Several great river valleys
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ANNUAL PRECIPITATION
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MITZPE-RAMON E.J. PALKA
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NEGEV DESERT E.J. PALKA
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WATER - A RENEWABLE OR FINITE RESOURCE? Water is critical for life, food production, and industrial processes. 9 out of 14 Southwest Asian states face water-short conditions (the most concentrated region of scarcity in the world). The North African states all have rates of natural increase above 2.0%, increasing the stress on water sources.
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ISRAEL-SYRIA BORDER E.J. PALKA
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POPULATION DISTRIBUTION The majority of the population in this realm lives not in the dry arid regions, but around water resources. - The Nile - Mediterranean Sea - Euphrates and Tigris Basin ( Hydraulic Civilization ) - Lower mountain slopes of Iran, south of the Caspian Sea
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POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
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Relates to language as a cultural feature of this realm Arabic is the dominant language in 16 States of the realm. In Non-Arab States,
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GEOG 142 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Mott Community College.

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17-NAfrica-SWAsia-1(GEOG142) - NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST...

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