18-NAfrica-SWAsia-2(GEOG142)

18-NAfrica-SWAsia-2( - NORTHAFRICA SOUTHWESTASIAII CHAPTER7(318371 DIFFUSIONOFRELIGION North America Middle America South America CHRISTIANITY

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    SOUTHWEST ASIA - II CHAPTER 7 (318-371)
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    DIFFUSION OF RELIGION North America Middle America South America CHRISTIANITY ISLAM HINDUISM BUDHISM
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    SUBREGIONS OF THE REALM
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    THE MIDDLE EAST Fertile Crescent Culture Hearth Oil Cultural Conflict
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    M I D D L E E A S
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    THE MIDDLE EAST “MIDDLE” OF THE ISLAMIC REALM IRAQ, SYRIA, JORDAN, ISRAEL, LEBANON  CENTER OF CONFLICT BETWEEN  CHRISTIANS, JEWS, AND MUSLIMS SUNNI  -  SHI’ITE  CONFLICT (WITHIN IRAQ  AND THROUGHOUT THE REGION)
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    KURDS Azerbaijan – 25 million Minorities in each country One of the world’s largest stateless  nations Kurdistan would be landlocked
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    SYRIA Capital-Damascus 17.4 million – 75% Sunni population Isolated stagnant society in globalized  world Lost Golan Heights to Israel in 1967 war
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    JORDON Capital Amman 5.4 million people 1948 it received more than half the refugees Desert kingdom Lost the West Bank and part of Jerusalem 1967  War to Israel  1988 gave claim to West Bank to PLO Few resources Moderate King Hussein died in 1999
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    LEBANON Capital-Beirut 4.3 million people Mediterranean cost and Bekaa valley agriculture Civil War 1975 destroyed the country Wealthier Christians have been moving out Southern security zone occupied by Israel 1976- 2000 Currently dominated by Syria’s military since  1976
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    IRAQ   Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire  Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course  of World War I  In 1920, it was declared a League of Nations  mandate under UK administration Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in  1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but  in actuality a series of military strongmen ruled  the country, the latest was Saddam Hussein 
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    IRAQ 24.4 million people Capital-Baghdad Kurds in north / Shiites in south 1980-1988 War with Iran In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait, was defeated in  the Gulf War of January-February 1991.  Occupied by the USA in March, 2003
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    IRAQ Slightly more than twice the size of  Idaho  Population - 26,074,906  (July 2005  est.)  0-14 years:  40%  15-64 years:  57% 65 years and over:  3%
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    IRAQ Population growth rate: 2.7% (2005 est.)  Religions: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%- 37%), Christian or other 3%  Iraq's economy is dominated by the oil  sector, which has traditionally provided  about 95% of foreign exchange earnings.
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GEOG 142 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Mott Community College.

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18-NAfrica-SWAsia-2( - NORTHAFRICA SOUTHWESTASIAII CHAPTER7(318371 DIFFUSIONOFRELIGION North America Middle America South America CHRISTIANITY

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