20-SAsia-1(GEOG142) - SOUTH ASIA I (CHAPTER 8: 372-417) THE...

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SOUTH ASIA I (CHAPTER 8: 372-417)
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THE REALM Five Regions India Pakistan Bangladesh Mountainous North Southern Islands
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MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES OF SOUTH ASIA WELL DEFINED PHYSIOGRAPHICALLY Mountains in north Ocean south Poverty Low income Poor education Poor diets Poor health
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MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES OF SOUTH ASIA WORLD’S SECOND LARGEST POPULATION CLUSTER Half are engaged in subsistence farming Centered on the North Indian Plain (Ganges River basin) HIGH POPULATION GROWTH RATE India’s population surpassed 1 billion in 1999 At current rate it will soon surpass East Asia BRITISH COLONIALISM UNIFIED SOUTH ASIA WORLD’S LARGEST FEDERATION & MOST POPULOUS DEMOCRACY POPULATION CONCENTRATED IN VILLAGES - SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
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MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES OF SOUTH ASIA COMPLICATED CULTURAL MOSAIC Hindu dominated India Muslim Pakistan Buddhist Sri Lanka Large minorities in all regions STRONG CULTURAL REGIONALISM RELIGION NATIONALISM MAJOR BOUNDARY DISPUTES Kashmir-India/Pakistan potential nuclear war Northern Mountains-India/China
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POPULATION GROWTH Doubling Time-number of years it will take population to double Pakistan-159 million to 318 by 2027 (2.8% growth rate) India’s 1 billion to 2 billion by 2039 Illiteracy among the world’s highest Malnourished children Horrendous economic outlook for the masses South Asia lack the natural resources for high living standards Most earn less than $1 a day
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Physiographic Regions Northern Mountains Hindu Kush in west Karakoram Ranges in northwest Himalayas in center north-world’s high mountain peaks (Mount Everest) in Nepal Ranges are dry and barren in Afghanistan Green and tree-studded in Kashmir to forested in the Himalayan foot hills Deeply eroded valleys from melt water
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Physiographic Regions River Lowlands Pakistan to Indus River Valley Through wide plain of Ganges Double delta of the Ganges and Brahmputra in Bangladesh Punjab-land of five rivers
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Physiographic Regions Southern Plateaus Peninsular India Deccan meaning south Rivers flow from west to east into Bay of Bengal Central Indian Plateau-west Chota-Nagpur Plateau-east Deccan Plateau and Coastal Plain are most productive agricultural area with Monsoons
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THE REALM Five Regions India Pakistan Bangladesh Mountainous North Southern Islands
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WHAT CLIMATE VARIABLES HELP TO EXPLAIN THIS DISTRIBUTION?
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“To know India and her people, one has to know the monsoon.” To the people of India the monsoons are a source of life. Seasonal reversal of winds
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20-SAsia-1(GEOG142) - SOUTH ASIA I (CHAPTER 8: 372-417) THE...

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