25-SEAsia-2(GEOG142) - Southeast Asia II (CHAPTER 10:...

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Southeast Asia II (CHAPTER 10: 486-529)
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Kingdom of Thailand Thai kingdom was established in 1300s A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy Called Siam until 1939 Population: 65,444,371 (July 2005 est.)
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Thailand A classic “protruded state” Population of 65 million has the slowest growth rate in the realm Per capita GNP is higher than Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Burma combined Bangkok - a classic “primate city” of 7.8 million
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Thailand Leading state of the region Economic growth Relative location Natural environment Social conditions Bangkok (Venice of Asia) Problems Surface communications Influx of refugees Drugs
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Thailand Economic success-Boomed during 1990’s Relative location Natural environment Tai workforce-Cheap Labor Produced low cost export products Improved infrastructure
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Thailand GDP growth up to 6.9% in 2003 and 6.1% in 2004 despite a sluggish global economy Developed infrastructure Free-enterprise economy Welcomes foreign investment GDP - per capita $8,100 (2004 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9% industry: 44.3% services: 46.7% (2004 est.)
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Thailand Tourism Leading source of foreign revenue Beautiful beaches Magnificent Buddhist Architecture Sex trade Separatist violence in southern provinces Karens from Burma flee into Thailand (118,000 refugees in 2004) December 26 th 2004, a major tsunami took 8,500 lives
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Thailand -Bangkok Venice of Asia Numerous canals Chao Phraya River highway Transports barge trains of rice Ferry boats Gold Buddhist Architecture High rise modern buildings, hotels, factories, wealthy & impoverished residential ares
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Union of Burma One of world’s poorest countries Irrawaddy River Core areas: Yangon & Mandalay Ethnic diversity Burman 68% Shan 9% Karen 7%
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Burma British Indian Empire starting in 1824 1948 - Independence from the British Gen. NE WIN dominated the government as military ruler from 1962 to 1988 The National League for Democracy NLD leader Aung San Suu Kyi won a landslide victory in 1990 Ruling junta refused to hand over power Aung San Suu Kyi was imprisoned then put under house arrest from 1989 to present
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Burma International development assistance ceased after the junta began to suppress the democracy movement in 1988 Economic sanctions by USA in response further slowed the inflow of foreign exchange. GDP - per capita $1,700 (2004 est.) GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 56.6% industry: 8.8% services: 34.5% (2004 est.)
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Burma Burma is a resource-rich country Suffers from government controls inefficient economic policies abject rural poverty Unable to achieve monetary or fiscal stability Inflation multiple official exchange rates overvalued currency (kyat) Huge black market
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Burma A “ Protruded state ”, With an unserviced extension Population - 50.9 Million, 80% Literate, and
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course GEOG 142 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Mott Community College.

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25-SEAsia-2(GEOG142) - Southeast Asia II (CHAPTER 10:...

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