{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

PCM-Lecture02-History-of-Management

PCM-Lecture02-History-of-Management - Project and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–15. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Project and Construction Management Lecture #02 A Brief History of Management Luis A. Prieto-Portar, 2010.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A Brief Timeline of Management - Sumerians - The Tower of Babel; - Writing (circa 5,000 BC); - The first known building code Lipit-Ishtar, in Nippur in present day Iraq, and written between 1,868 -1,857 BC. - Egyptians - The Pyramids (2,589 – 2,566 BC); - Authority, responsibility and, specialization. - Babylonians - The Hanging Gardens of Babylon; - The Building Code of Hammurabi (1,792-1,750 BC ); - Control and responsibility. - Chinese - Large cities on the shores of the Yang-Tse River; - Mencius (500 BC); - Teamwork and specialists. - Greeks - Temples of marble and the first City States; - Plato, Socrates (350 BC); Alexander the Great (330 BC); - Organization of society, warfare and the concept of staff officers; - Romans - Highways, bridges, aqueducts, the perfected arch, domes, cement; - Clearly defined education and duties of military engineers (“ ingenium ”).
Background image of page 2
Babylon’s Hanging Gardens was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, circa 1,750 BC.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Temple to Athenea in Greece, 427 BC.
Background image of page 4
An artist’s view of Rome’s Forum.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Pantheon. This was the world’s largest dome up to the Twentieth Century.
Background image of page 6
Today’s view of the Via Appia at Capua, close to Pompeii (east of present day Napoli). This Roman road is still in use after 2,050 since first built.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Roman bridge at Córdoba crosses the Guadalquivir (“great river” in Arabic) and was part of the Vía Augusta, that extended 2,500 km from Narbonne (France) to Cádiz (Spain) on the Atlantic Ocean.
Background image of page 8
The largest Roman aque- duct was at Segovia, Spain. Built with granite blocks without mortar, it is 800 m long and 30 m high. It was built in 41 AD and stills supplies water to Segovia.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 10
1340 - Fr. L. Paciolli : invents the double-entry book-keeping method of accounting. 1370 - Heinrich von Wych invents the clock in Paris, thus permitting the accurate measurement of work and the management of time. The Renaissance - Machiavelli (16 th Century political historian); City States; - Mass consent, cohesive leadership, the will to survive. 1780 - Adam Smith (1723 - 1790) economic theory; - Resource-allocation, production, and pricing issues. 1785 - Thomas Jefferson : Concept of inter-changeable parts. 1805-1809 - Eli Whitney (1765-1825), James Watt (1736-1819), and Matthew Boulton (1728-1809); inventors of standardization, quality-control procedures, cost-accounting, interchangeability of parts, and work-planning. 1881 - The first business school: Wharton at the University of Pennsylvania. 1911 - Frederick Taylor (1856-1915): “Principles of Scientific Management” means that knowledge can be reduced into laws, rules, formulas and procedures. 1911 - Frank and Lillian Gilbreth (1915-1920): wrote “ Motion Study” and in 1919 the couple wrote “Applied Motion Study”. They are known as the creators of Time and Motion Studies.
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Factory System of Management were created by Eli Whitney (1765-1825), James Watt (1736 - 1819), and Matthew Boulton (1728 - 1809) when they developed the elements of technical production such as standardization, quality-control procedures, cost-accounting, interchangeability of parts, and work-planning.
Background image of page 12
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In 1911, Frederick Taylor , became known as the “Father of Scientific Management”. He published
Background image of page 14
Image of page 15
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}