Exam 1 - Flashcards - Anthropology Hominids Apes that walk...

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Anthropology Hominids
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Apes that walk on two feet. The study of every aspect of human existence in all times and places.
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Culture Cultural Relativity
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Each culture should be understood within its own context and not judged by other cultures’ norms. Strategy of how humans adapt to the natural environment.
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Ethnography Historic Archeologis t
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Examine the evidence of later, complex civilizations. Detailed descriptive studies of human societies (contemporaneous with the researcher).
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Artifacts Prehistoric Archeologis t
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Deals with cultures that existed before the invention of writing. Objects or materials made or modified by hominids.
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Material Culture Ecofacts
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Remains of animals (faunal remains) and plants (botanical remains) used for food or other purposes Physical manifestations of human activities (i.e. tools, art, and structures)
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Paleo- anthropolo gy Primatology
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Study of nonhuman primates. Study of human evolution.
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Osteology Paleopatholo gy
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Studies evidence of disease and injury in human skeletal remains; branch of osteology. Study of skeletal material.
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Applied Anthropolo gy Forensic Anthropolo gy
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Applied anthropological approach dealing with legal matters. Using specialized knowledge to help solve current problems.
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The Scientific Method Biocultural evolution
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The mutual, interactive evolution of human biology and culture; the concept that biology makes culture possible and that developing culture further influences the direction of biological evolution. A research method whereby a problem is identified, a hypothesis is stated, and that hypothesis is tested through the collection and analysis of data.
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Theory Evolution
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Change in the genetic structure of a population and/or the appearance of a new species. A hypothesis that can’t be falsified; a hypothesis that’s been repeated tested and scientists haven’t been able to disprove it.
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Ptolemy’s universe The Great Chain of Being
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God’s creations arranged in a hierarchical form from simple to complex. Geocentric notion of the Universe: Earth is at the center.
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Archbishop James Ussher Fixity of the species
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exactly the same as they were on Noah’s ark. Analyzed Genesis to
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course ANT 2511 taught by Professor Sinelli during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Exam 1 - Flashcards - Anthropology Hominids Apes that walk...

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