Exam4 - Flashcards

Exam4 - Flashcards - Homo habilis Existence Homo habilis...

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Homo habilis Existence Homo habilis Location
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Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania 2.4-1.6mya
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Homo habilis Discoverer and Year Discovered Homo habilis Name
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“Handy Man” Leakeys; 1960
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Homo habilis Type of Tools Used Homo habilis Brain Size
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631cc Stone tools
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Homo habilis Famous Specimen Homo habilis OH 62 Discoverer and Year Discovered
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Tim White; 1986 OH 24 “Twiggy”
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Homo habilis OH 62 Location Homo habilis OH 62 Postcranial Remains
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Longer arms and shorter legs than humans – still spent some of their time in trees. Koobi Fora, Kenya
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Oldowan Stone Tool Kit Features Oldowan Stone Tool Kit Use
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Scavenging and hunting 1. Simple cores 2. Whole-flakes (sharp) 3. Flaking debris (river rocks)
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Oldowan Stone Tool Kit Signigicance Ardipithecus ramidus General Features
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- 3.3ft and 66lbs - Evidence of bipedalism - Anteriorly placed foramen magnum - Teeth similar to later hominids 1. Best behavioral dividing line between Homo and Australopithecines 2. Makes us much more efficient
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Trends in Hominid Evolution Homo erectus Sub-Species
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Homo erectus (Indonesia) Homo ergaster (Africa) Increasing encephalization and decreasing dentition
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Homo ergaster Brain Size Homo ergaster Location
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Koobi Fora, Kenya; West Turkana, Kenya 800-900cc
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Homo ergaster Existence Homo ergaster KNM-WT 15000 Name
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“Turkana Boy” 1.8-1.5mya
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Turkana Boy Discoverer and Year Discovered Turkana Boy Features
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1. 12 years old 2. 6ft as adult 3. Tall and thin (adaptation for environment) Kamoya Kimeu; 1984
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Turkana Boy Significance Homo erectus Existence
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1.8mya - 200,000ya Began to evolve into modern bodies
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Homo erectus Brain Size Pithecanthropus erectus Discoverer and Year Discovered
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Eugene Dubois; 1891 Over 1000cc
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Pithecanthropus erectus Location Pithecanthropus erectus Name
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“Upright Ape Man” Village of Trinil in Java
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Zhoukoudian or Dragon Bone Hill Occupation Homo erectus Cranial Features
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1. Sagittal keel 2. Pronounced brow ridge 3. Low forehead 4. Long, low brain case 200,000yrs
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Exam4 - Flashcards - Homo habilis Existence Homo habilis...

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