Study Guide 1 - EM ar to when awake; accelerated heart...

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Keep stop signs # of accidents No stop signs # of accidents Parietal Occipital Frontal Temporal Cerebellum REM 1 1 2 2 3 4 3 REM lar to when awake; accelerated heart rate, sexual arousal, shallow breathing mories Salivation (in-born) Meat Bell Salivation (in-born) Psychology Study Guide: Exam 1 Jennifer Soong Definition of psychology: Scientific study of human behavior, cognition, & emotion - Behavior: can see/hear - Cognition: thinking/thoughts - Emotion: moods, feelings; “Affect” is the proper term - Four goals of psychologists: describe, predict, explain, control How is psychology different from how we normally judge people? 1. Stereotypes: simplistic view of people/overly general view; often negative/rude o o Unacceptable stereotypes: generally about ethnicities o Can seem acceptable but is not (ex. Muslims) o Specific/regional stereotypes – each region has its own stereotypes about others 2. Past experience – bias 3. Folk wisdom/”sayings” – often contradictory 4. Parents, teachers, culture, etc. 5. Media – ads for alcohol reinforce drinking behavior Basic timeline of modern, scientific psychology: 5 Main Paradigms of psychology: Paradigm – viewpoint/school of thought 1. Psychodynamic (Freudian) 2. Behaviorism (learning) 3. Evolutionary 4. Biological 5. Cognitive (artificial intelligence) Basics of Structuralism, Functionalism, Behaviorism: Behaviorism: Learning; products of our environment; observation, rewards Psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory: Freudian - Most famous psychologist – Sigmund Freud (the unconscious) o First to do therapy, published many books, Austrian, 1900’s
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- How we think – the unconscious - Beneath the surface of our thinking is the most important causes of behavior, personality - Dreams are weird because coming from the unconscious Pseudo-psychologies: “fake/false” psychology; a system of thought that is like psychology but is false Horoscopes: Due to position of stars, the day you were born affects your personality 1. Zodiac sign constantly changes 2. Has been (easily) texted – often wrong - The experimental method: Change only one variable De Anza East parking lot: Independent variable Experimental Group Extraneous variables Dependent Variable Control Group - Independent variable: Variable that is manipulated/changed - Extraneous variables: Affect the dependent variable that you did not measure - Dependent variable: Variable that results from changes/the independent variable - Experimental Group: Group that is manipulated/changed - Control Group: Group that is kept constant - Replication: Must run several experiments Neuron: An individual nerve cell; brain has 100 billion neurons
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Staffm during the Spring '09 term at DeAnza College.

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Study Guide 1 - EM ar to when awake; accelerated heart...

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