Chapter 2. Notes

Chapter 2. Notes - Chapter 2 The Criminal Law and Its...

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Chapter 2 The Criminal Law and Its Process Early Legal Codes Preliterate societies Custom and _______ Folkways and _______ Code of Hammurabi Developed in Iraq about _________ Adopted by Hammurabi (Babylonian king, 1792-1750 B.C.) Punishment consisted of _____________ Severity was based on the status of _____________ Mosaic Code Israelites (about 1200 B.C.) Basis of Judeo-Christian moral teachings and ______________ Twelve Tables Roman law (451 B.C.) Developed by a special commission of 10 men to deal with concerns of plebeians about arbitrary treatment by patricians The Dark Ages Followed the fall of Rome Thinking was dominated by __________ Introduction of ____________ (fine or monetary compensation) Trial by ordeal and by combat Use of Oath-helpers (character witnesses) Origins of Common Law Pre-1066 in England Organized by shires (counties) Hundreds (groups of 100 families) ___________ (groups of 10 families) dealt with everyday issues
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Serious cases were heard by groups of landlords or noblemen Ecclesiastical courts dealt with spiritual matters Also in Canada (e.g. Baptist church courts, 1810-1880)
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Crime and Custom Crime was viewed as a personal wrong often resulting in _____________ Extensive use of the _______________ Many crimes could be dealt with by compensation (wergild) Scale of compensation was based on Severity of offence and; Status of the _______________________ Norman Conquest William the Conqueror , (1066-1087 A.D.) Initiated replacement of local tribunals with itinerant royal administrators (traveling justices) Citizens reported about offences under oath Decisions were based on past practice (
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Karenbrown during the Spring '11 term at Simon Fraser.

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Chapter 2. Notes - Chapter 2 The Criminal Law and Its...

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