Chapter 9 & 10 - Notes

Chapter 9 & 10 - Notes - Chapter 9 Social Conflict...

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Chapter 9 Social Conflict Theory Conflict Theory Objective To explain crime within ____economic__________ and social contexts including The connections among social class, crime, and social control. The role of government in creating criminogenic environments. Bias in the _____justice sys________ The relationship between capitalism and crime rates. Marxist Thought Karl Marx Focussed on economic conditions under ______capitalism______. Society is product of economic production. ________productive_____ forces technology, energy, resources. Productive relations owner-worker; worker-worker. Class is a _____power________ relationship. Willem Bonger (1876-1940) Society Is composed of ruling class and _____inferior ________ class based on the system of production. Laws Reflect the interests of the ______dominant _____ class. Capitalism Encourages egoism and criminality by equating status with property. George Vold “The whole political process of law-making, law-breaking and law enforcement becomes a direct reflection of deep-seated and fundamental conflicts between interest groups and their more general struggles for the control of the police power of the state.” Vold, G. (1958). Theoretical criminology . NY: University Press.
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Modern Conflict Theory Became prominent during the ______1960 _________ Influenced by: Self-report studies of delinquency. _______labelling _________ theories. Research on social inequality (racism, sexism) and social injustice. Social and political upheavals of the 60s and 70s. Conflict Criminology Chambliss and Seidman Law , Order and Power (1971). The ________justice system _________operates to protect the rich and powerful by determining How crimes are defined. How laws are enforced. How law-breakers are ___punished ________ Power relations Conflict is rooted in the competition for _______power _______. Power provides the means to influence public opinion for private gain. Those in power use the law to _____criminalize _________ those without power. e.g. minority groups. The Social Reality of Crime Richard Quinney (1970) Crime is ______politically ________ defined. The definitions are based on the interests of the powerful. The laws are enforced by the ______powerful _______ Behaviour is structured by class (power). Stereotypes of crime are diffused by the media. Crime becomes a ________social reality _______
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Research and Analysis Support Crime rates and indicators of poverty. ______police ______ actions in low income areas. Racism in the justice system. Criticism
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Karenbrown during the Spring '11 term at Simon Fraser.

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Chapter 9 & 10 - Notes - Chapter 9 Social Conflict...

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