Chapter 11 - Notes

Chapter 11 - Notes - Chapter 11 Violent Crime Roots of...

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Chapter 11 Violent Crime Roots of Violence Personal traits _____ brain injuries___________, mental illness, abnormal brain wave patterns, low intelligence, psychotic symptoms, depression, psychopathology, etc. Ineffective families _________ family______ violence, physical and sexual abuse, physical punishment, inconsistent discipline. The brutalization process . Roots of Violence ____________ cultural__ values Wolfgang and Ferracuti (1967). Culture of violence is found in specific areas. Promotes use of violence to resolve disputes. e.g. Gangs use _____violence__________ to demonstrate membership. Regional values e.g. Western provinces and states. Roots of Violence ___________ sustance______ abuse Alcohol increases aggression Pharmacological effects Trafficking creates disputes Addiction creates need for money _________ economic__________ effects Roots of Violence Firearms availability Facilitating factor. ______ 81________% of gun-related deaths are suicide. Use in homicide and suicide has declined.
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Sexual Assault Rape “Carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will”. Became ______sexual assualt___________ in 1983 Recognized as a crime of violence, not lust. Easier reporting and prosecution. Rape and Sexual Assault Level I ______simple_________ sexual assault. Level II sexual assault with a _____weapon___________ or resulting in bodily harm. Level III _______aggravated__________ sexual assault. History of Rape and Sexual Assault Women were viewed as ____property________ of men. Rape and abduction were means of claiming ownership. Rape reduced the value of daughters. _______middle___________ ages. “Heiress stealing” by ambitious men. 15 th century. Laws protected noble women from rape. Incidence of Sexual Assault Significantly under-reported to police. Fewer than _____1______ in 10. Embarrassment, think nothing can be done, blame themselves. Higher rates in ___urban________areas. Most occur in summer months. At least 20% of adult women, 15% of university-aged women and 12% of adolescent girls have experienced sexual abuse or assault sometime during their lifetime.
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Types of Rapists (Groth and Birnbaum, 1979) ________anger rape___________ (40%). Means of expressing rage (sexual aspect may be an afterthought)
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Karenbrown during the Spring '11 term at Simon Fraser.

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Chapter 11 - Notes - Chapter 11 Violent Crime Roots of...

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